Climate Change and the 2020 Presidential Candidates: Where Do They Stand?

Climate Change and the 2020 Presidential Candidates: Where Do They Stand?

(This post was last updated on August 20, 2019.)

Climate change is getting unprecedented attention from many of the 2020 presidential candidates. They are responding to the threats posed by a rapidly warming climate, the economic opportunities in switching to clean energy and the increasing concern of American voters: according to the Yale Program for Climate Change Communication, a record 69 percent of voting-age Americans say they are worried about climate change. Almost a third say they are “very worried,” by far the highest percentage ever recorded.

This blog is monitoring and collecting the candidates’ comments and positions on climate change and clean energy. Our goal is to highlight the issue’s growing salience and to provide a resource for the public. It will be updated regularly to capture additional comments as they occur and add candidates as they declare.

Each candidate’s profile is organized into four categories: 

  1. Climate plans released by candidates (if any);
  2. Overview of how the candidate’s website talks about climate change;
  3. Public statements by the candidate on climate change; and
  4. Candidate’s history on climate action.


Democratic Candidates for President (in alphabetical order):

  1. Sen. Michael Bennet (Climate plan)
  2. Joe Biden (Climate plan)
  3. Sen. Cory Booker (Climate plan)
  4. Gov. Steve Bullock
  5. Mayor Pete Buttigieg (Climate plan)
  6. Sec. Julian Castro (Climate-related plan)
  7. Mayor Bill de Blasio
  8. Rep. John Delaney (Climate plan)
  9. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard
  10. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (Climate plan)
  11. Sen. Kamala Harris (Climate-related plan)
  12. Gov. Jay Inslee (Climate plan)
  13. Sen. Amy Klobuchar (Climate-related plan)
  14. Rep. Seth Moulton
  15. Rep. Beto O’Rourke (Climate plan)
  16. Rep. Tim Ryan
  17. Sen. Bernie Sanders
  18. Rep. Joe Sestak
  19. Tom Steyer (Climate plan)
  20. Sen. Elizabeth Warren (Climate plan)
  21. Andrew Yang

Republican Candidates for President (in alphabetical order):

  1. Pres. Donald Trump
  2. Gov. William Weld

Democratic Candidates

Sen. Michael Bennet

Climate Plans:

Bennet released his climate plan on May 20. It has eight major components:

  1. Achieve 100% clean, net-zero emissions by 2050;
  2. Create 10 million zero-emission economy jobs in 10 years;
  3. Cut energy waste in half by 2040;
  4. Decarbonize agriculture with the help of farmers;
  5. Conserve 30% of America’s land and oceans by 2030;
  6. Create a climate bank to deploy $1 trillion on federal funds in infrastructure and clean technologies by 2030;
  7. Offer every household a “Climate X option” to purchase affordable zero-emissions electricity, zero-emissions vehicles, retrofits and decentralized renewable energy generation technology;
  8. Create a 2030 Climate Challenge to push states to develop strong climate plans.

Campaign Website:

Bennet’s campaign website states, “Michael will seize the economic opportunity of combating climate change—providing new opportunities for farmers, ranchers, and rural communities to become more resilient and to invest in zero-emissions energy while growing the economy.”

Bennet has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public Statements:

At an Iowa house party on February 23, 2019, while he was still exploring a run for president, he told those gathered, “I’m not going to pass judgment one way or another on the Green New Deal… But I am deeply concerned [about climate change].”

On February 26, 2019, Bennet told the Western Wire, “We owe the American people a durable solution to address climate change, not one that whipsaws back-and-forth with changing political winds. The Green New Deal continues a much-needed conversation on how combating climate change and creating jobs are not at odds with one another. I spent the last year talking to farmers, ranchers, and rural communities in Colorado about how climate change is making it harder for them to hand their family farms to their children and grandchildren. I’m going to continue talking to these communities and more to identify what’s possible to address this critical issue.”

In the first Democratic presidential debate on June 27, Bennet was one of two candidates on stage who said climate change would be their top issue upon assuming office.


On July 2, in an interview with Pod Save America, Bennet talked about the importance of making climate a bipartisan issue: 

“I don’t think we can solve climate change two years at a time… If we have to accept a world where every two-years or four-years the work that’s done on climate is torn out by the other party, we will never be able to address climate in a meaningful way… I believe it’s a very urgent problem and we need to act urgently, but we also need an enduring solution. We can’t do it even one administration at a time. It’s going to have to last longer than that. And when you look at the issue of climate, the Republicans had a relatively honorable tradition, which is that Richard Nixon put the EPA in place and signed The Clean Water Act, The Clean Air Act. Ronald Reagan closed the hole in the ozone layer, both Bush’s said we had to deal with climate and led efforts at the UN to do that. McCain ran on climate change. What changed? Citizens United changed. And that completely changed the way the national Republican Party looks at this because they’re being corrupted into inaction by the Koch brothers. Republicans in Colorado are not being corrupted into inaction by the Koch brothers. They are seeing their farms and ranches threatened because of our inability to deal with climate change. So I think there is a big distinction.”

“the majority of people in this country believe that climate change is real and we should be doing something about it, and that it’s an urgent problem. They may have some disagreements about how to deal with. I think we lost the climate argument because we lost the jobs argument. That’s what I believe. I think we lost the economic argument to Donald Trump, preposterously, ridiculously. We didn’t make an affirmative argument on the economy in 2016, and we didn’t make an argument on the economy in the context of climate change. If you’re down in Miami, Florida as we were last week for the debates down there. It’s impossible to argue that not contending with climate is better for the economy, that contending with climate is not better for the economy than not contending with climate. It’s impossible to make that argument in Colorado. It’s impossible to make that argument in California. We did not make that argument in 2016. Donald Trump won a cartoon argument on the economy, and if we are going to continue to lose to that argument then I accept that we’re doomed, but I think we can do better than that. I really do. I mean, I think we have to.”


In 2017 Bennet wrote an op-ed in USA Today urging his party to reconsider its approach to climate change.

“We should recognize that many communities now rely on energy production for their economic lifeblood. It is not enough to call for less coal or oil without having meaningful work to replace lost jobs. For someone who earned $80,000 in the energy sector, working in fast food or attending a failed job training program offers little solace. Pretending otherwise leads many Americans to conclude that Democrats don’t understand their challenges, or even worse, that we don’t care.”

“Similarly, when Democrats oppose natural gas, we fail to appreciate both its importance to small town economies and its pivotal role in reducing coal production. The transition to clean energy will not happen overnight. Saying no to responsible production of natural gas — which emits half the carbon of the dirtiest coal and is the cleanest fossil fuel — surrenders progress for purity.”

“We also need to connect climate change to everyday lives. Concern about melting ice caps and endangered species is justified, but it has little resonance beyond our cities and coasts. On the other hand, every farmer and rancher in Colorado understands that persistent droughts and wildfires directly threaten their business and way of life. Likewise, many in Colorado know that warming temperatures endanger our skiing, fly fishing and outdoor recreation. If we ignore these economic realities in our climate debate, we will struggle to break the gridlock in Washington…. To break the impasse, we have to learn from our mistakes. That means reaching the small towns, farmers, ranchers and workers who see the dangers of climate change, but who have tuned out. It means choosing arguments that broaden our coalition instead of shrink it.”

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Joe Biden

Climate Plans:

On June 4, Biden released his $1.7 trillion “Clean Energy Revolution” climate plan on his campaign’s website. Overall, his plan has 5 key goals:

  1. Ensure the U.S. achieves a 100% clean energy economy and reaches net-zero emissions no later than 2050;
  2. Make a historic investment of $400 billion over 10 years in energy and climate research and innovation, as well as clean and resilient infrastructure and communities;
  3. Recommit the United States to the Paris Agreement on climate change and lead an effort to get every major country to ramp up the ambition of their domestic climate targets;
  4. Stand up to the abuse of power by polluters who disproportionately harm communities of color and low-income communities;
  5. Fulfill our obligation to workers and communities who powered our industrial revolution and subsequent decades of economic growth.

In a video accompanying the plan’s launch, Biden tells the camera, “As President, I will lead America and the world, not only to confront the crisis in front of us but to seize the opportunities it presents. I’ll use every authority available to me to drive progress, and I will not accept half measures, because making these revolutionary changes is going to take an incredible commitment at all levels. I am absolutely confident that’s what the American people want to do and we can meet this challenge.”

Campaign website:

Biden’s campaign website describes how, on day one, “Biden will sign a series of new executive orders with unprecedented reach that go well beyond the Obama-Biden Administration platform and put us on the right track. And, he will demand that Congress enacts legislation in the first year of his presidency that:

  • establishes an enforcement mechanism that includes milestone targets no later than the end of his first term in 2025,
  • makes a historic investment in clean energy and climate research and innovation,
  • incentivizes the rapid deployment of clean energy innovations across the economy, especially in communities most impacted by climate change.”

It also says, “Biden believes the Green New Deal is a crucial framework for meeting the climate challenges we face. It powerfully captures two basic truths, which are at the core of his plan: (1) the United States urgently needs to embrace greater ambition on an epic scale to meet the scope of this challenge, and (2) our environment and our economy are completely and totally connected.”

Biden has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In a January 24 address to the US Conference of Mayors, Biden said,

“The threat posed by climate change is existential…. EPA has spoken, they’ve laid all this out. Our scientists have spoken, there’s no dispute about this among scientists. Since when did we become science deniers? The United Nations told us, whether you agree with the exact number, that we have 12 years to act before it’s irreversible. So say it’s 10 years or 20 years. Nobody is disputing if we fail to act we’re going to have a more serious problem… The point is this is really important, and it’s within our power… We need leaders who understand this is the most urgent priority facing the nation and we’ll be judged by our children and grandchildren on what we do today.”

“Ten years ago we knew we needed a green revolution. We understood the urgency in terms of people’s health, in terms of economic growth, in terms of people’s lives. And with you all we put the country on a path!… There’s no reason that by 2025 all of North America can’t get half its electricity from non-polluting sources. It’s within our grasp, but for special interests! We need to reset these goals, for our children and our grandchildren. The administration has walked away, but there’s no reason we can’t pull ourselves back on the path.”

On May 10, Reuters reported that Biden’s team was “crafting a climate change policy he hopes will appeal to both environmentalists and the blue-collar voters who elected Donald Trump…carving out a middle ground approach” that would likely include “nuclear energy and fossil fuel options like natural gas.”

Biden’s team quickly responded, saying, “Reuters got it wrong. Joe Biden has called climate change a ‘existential threat,’ and we look forward to discussing his plan to address it in a meaningful and lasting way in the coming weeks.”

The candidate himself wrote in response, saying, “I’m proud to have been one of the first to introduce climate change legislation. What I fought for in 1986 is more important than ever — climate change is an existential threat. Now. Today. We need policies that reflect this urgency. I’ll have more specifics on how America can lead on climate in the coming weeks.”

On May 13 at a campaign rally in New Hampshire, Biden spoke about the Reuters article and his legacy on climate:

“We need an environmental revolution. I said back in 1987 in a floor speech when they passed one of my bills, I said we have an existential threat! We have a situation where if we don’t act quickly we’re going to lose basically everything we have. And that’s exactly the case, it’s even more urgent now. We do need to finish this green revolution in a way that’s rational, that we can afford, and get it done now.”

At his launch rally on May 18 in Philadelphia, Biden talked about the importance of addressing climate change:

“Folks, the greatest challenges we face in the future will be over technology, intellectual property, clean energy, a warming planet. There’s not a single thing that building a wall or imposing a tariff can solve on any of these issues. Folks, we need a 21st century strategy for America.”

“There’s not much time left, we need a clean energy revolution, we need it now, we have to start now, we have to build on what we’ve already built. And by the way, we have to stop thinking that clean energy and job creation don’t go together. They do! They do! We need to set the most aggressive goals possible, but folks, we have to work together to get it done.”

“If you want to know what the first and most important plank in my climate proposal is: Beat Trump. Beat Trump.”

In the first Democratic presidential debate on June 27, Rachel Maddow asked Biden what steps he could take to address the climate crisis without the support of congress. Biden said,

“I would immediately insist that we build 500,000 recharging stations throughout the united states of America, working with governors, mayors, and others so we can go to a full electric vehicle future by the year 2030. I would make sure that we invested $400 million in new science and technology to be the exporter of the green economy and create millions of jobs. I would immediately rejoin the Paris climate accord, and I would up the ante in that accord…. We have to have someone who knows how to corral the rest of the world, bring them together and get something done like we did in [the Obama-Biden] administration.”


Biden was asked by the moderators at the second Democratic debate on July 31, “Would there be any place for fossil fuels, including coal and fracking in a Biden administration?” He replied, “No, we would work it out. We would make sure it’s eliminated and no more subsidies for either of those, any fossil fuel.”

The Trump campaign immediately pounced on the statement, saying, “Joe Biden promises to kill the job of every American who works with fossil fuels.”

The next day his campaign issued a statement clarifying that Biden, “supports eliminating subsidies for coal and gas and deploying carbon capture sequestration technology to create economic benefits for multiple industries and significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions.”


Biden introduced a bill in 1986 that would have established a presidential task force on climate change.

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Sen. Cory Booker

Climate Plans:

On August 8, Booker unveiled the Climate Stewardship Act of 2019 in partnership with Rep. Deb Haaland (D-NM). According to a press release from his senate office, the bill was “inspired by measures implemented in President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal,” and would:

  1. “support voluntary climate stewardship practices on more than 100 million acres of farmland… [with the goal of] reducing or offsetting agricultural emissions by one third by 2025”;
  2. “Plant over 4 billion trees by 2030, and 15 billion trees by 2050… to revive deforested landscapes and expand urban tree cover”, 
  3. “reestablish the Civilian Conservation Corps — one of the New Deal’s most popular programs… to provide youth from low-income communities, indigenous communities, and communities of color with skills and work experience in forestry and wetlands restoration”;
  4. “Restore or protect over 2 million acres of coastal wetlands by 2030 to sequester carbon emissions and reduce coastal flooding”; and
  5. “invest in renewable energy for farmers and rural small businesses in the spirit of the New Deal’s Rural Electrification Act, which provided low-cost loans to help bring electricity to rural America.”

With regard to the bill, Booker said, 

“In FDR’s New Deal, the federal government planted billions of trees, provided conservation incentives to family farmers and ranchers, created hundreds of thousands of jobs in the Civilian Conservation Corps, and electrified rural America. In order to address the urgent and existential threat posed by climate change, all of these approaches should be part of our broader strategy. In addition to transitioning from fossil fuels to clean energy, another essential step that we must take is to increase the carbon sequestration in our soils, forests, and wetlands. This legislation will not only reduce emissions and substantially increase carbon sequestration, but will also create hundreds of thousands of new jobs, enhance biodiversity by restoring tens of millions of acres of habitat, and make our farms more resilient and competitive.”

Campaign Website:

In a section on his campaign website devoted to Climate Change and Environmental Justice, Booker enumerates seventeen environmental policy priorities he will pursue once he becomes president, including:

  1. Rejoin the Paris Climate Accord;
  2. Undo the damage the Trump Administration has done at the Environmental Protection Agency and hold polluters accountable;
  3. Work to implement a Green New Deal;
  4. Put a moratorium on drilling on our public lands;
  5. Reauthorize and triple the Superfund tax on chemical and oil companies;
  6. Increase fees on coal mine operators to pay for the cleanup of abandoned mines;
  7. Protect marginalized communities suffering from environmental injustices by increasing staffing at the EPA’s Environmental Justice Office and the External Civil Rights Enforcement Office;
  8. Step up efforts to defend communities of color, low-income communities, and indigenous communities by doubling staffing in all EPA enforcement offices;
  9. Safeguard the basic human right to safe drinking water;
  10. End the plague on communities caused by lead paint;
  11. Stop polluting companies from evading responsibility for environmental cleanups;
  12. Raise the standards for granting or renewing Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act Permits;
  13. Ban fracking;
  14. Reinstate and expand the crude oil export ban;
  15. Require consideration of climate change impacts in permitting decisions for any new fossil fuel infrastructure;
  16. Prohibit construction of new fossil fuel infrastructure when cost competitive clean energy alternatives are available;
  17. End all federal subsidies for fossil fuel production.

Booker has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

Booker released a statement upon the release of Sen. Ed Markey’s Green New Deal resolution on February 7, saying,

“Climate change is a pressing and serious environmental and economic crisis that threatens the way of life for our kids and grandkids. This challenge must be met with a commitment from the federal government that is commensurate with the level of commitment we saw in this country during the original New Deal. And that’s exactly the type of determination this proposal brings. Communities of color, low-income communities, indigenous communities and our family farmers are on the front lines of climate change, and I’m particularly encouraged that this blueprint addresses climate change in a way that promotes both economic and environmental justice.”

At a campaign stop in Mason City, Iowa on February 8, Booker was asked about the Green New Deal. He responded by saying,

“We are at a really difficult point in human history. Scientists now are coming to a consensus around the planet that if we allow temperatures to rise to a certain level it could have catastrophic impact – literally trillions of dollars hits to our economy, the most vulnerable people suffering. And doing nothing is not an option right now because our planet is in peril. And so the question now is what is the United States of America going to do? Is it going to lead the planet, in terms of dealing with this crisis? Or is it going to pull back from global leadership when we are the biggest economy on planet earth? I believe that America should lead and it should lead boldly. And so the Green New Deal is this bold idea that we need to lean in to do something about climate change and we need to start taking dramatic efforts to invest in green energy and not let other countries beat us to the jobs of the future and the green technology. We should make sure that our communities get jobs doing those things, and make sure that the federal government… make sure that there’s job opportunities for folks.”

At his campaign launch rally in Newark on April 13, Booker told the crowd, “We won’t wait to meet the challenge and the crisis of climate change. We don’t have any other choice! We will build a clean energy economy, we will hold big polluters accountable, and ensure that every child can drink the water from their sink and breath the air in their neighborhood without getting sick.”

Booker was one of four candidates in the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26 to name climate change as the top geopolitical threat facing the United States.

On July 18, Booker told Robert Acosta during a Washington Post Live interview,

“We need to be back to a society that’s about health and well-being and start focusing our systems to do that. That’s what the urgency of climate change is about as well. We’re allowing a perversion of the free market! There’s actually a difference in this among the democratic candidates. I’m stunned that some of my democratic candidates don’t want to put a price on carbon… you’re allowing corporations to produce a problem, to externalize it into the commons (which is virtually stealing from future generations who are going to have to deal with the costs of that)… we’re allowing corporations to pollute our atmosphere, causing hundreds and hundreds of billions of dollars [in damages] – fires, floods, storms – causing a problem. Without a price on carbon we’re not going to solve these problems.”

Booker said at the second Democratic debate on July 31,

“climate change is not a separate issue, it must be the issue and the lens with which we view every issue. Nobody should get applause for rejoining the Paris Climate Accord, that is kindergarten. We have to go far in advance [of that] to make sure that everything from our trade deals, everything from the billions of dollars we spend in foreign aid, everything must be sublimated to the challenge and the crisis which is existential which is the climate crisis. And yes, the majority of this problem is outside the United States, but the only way we are going to deal with this is if the United States leads.”


Booker was one of the first prospective candidates to support a Green New Deal, tweeting his support on December 14, 2018 by saying, “We must take bold action on climate change & create a green economy that benefits all Americans…. Excited to support a #GreenNewDeal.”

He was one of three co-sponsors on Jeff Merkley’s 100 by 50 Act in 2017.

Booker has argued in the past for expanding nuclear power (nuclear power provides over a third of New Jersey’s energy). NRDC experts Dale Bryk and Jackson Morris wrote about why nuclear is the wrong approach to reducing emissions and how best to approach transitioning away from it here.

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Gov. Steve Bullock

Climate Plans:

Bullock has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Bullock’s website briefly mentions, “There are a lot of reasons to protect our environment and tackle climate change,” and highlights Bullock’s outdoorsmanship.

Public statements:

In an interview with Montana Public Radio on the day of his launch, Bullock was asked about his position on the Green New Deal. He responded,

“I think that the Green New Deal is a sort of resolution, aspiration in Washington D.C., and I’m less interested in signing on to resolutions that probably won’t take meaningful steps going forward in Washington D.C. than what are the tangible things that we could start doing now.”

“we in Montana… see the impacts of climate change happening and we do have to take bold action. I think that there are steps that you can take and take even from the beginning. I mean, day one rejoining our global role in Paris…. Energy efficiency alone could address about 30% of the reductions that we would need to do; investing in technology. So I think there are a number of steps that you can take.”

On June 26 during a televised town hall in Des Moines, Iowa, Bullock was asked about his plan to combat climate change and support rural farmers. He responded by saying, “We need to take immediate and durable steps. You’re seeing it here in Iowa with the flooding. I had 1.2 million acres burn two years ago. Fire seasons in the west are 78 days longer than when I was growing up. I think there are immediate steps you can take… 

  1. Rejoining Paris and funding our commitments. We know that we can’t do this alone.
  2. Not even the auto industry was asking for these reductions in fuel emission standards. Putting those back in place.
  3. Ag has to be a partner in both reducing emissions and also in carbon capture. Making sure you’re not always planting every single field and incentivizing farmers to do that by investing in research and with things like the [Natural Resources Conservation Service] at the federal level. Some of the best conservationists I know in Montana are farmers and ranchers, because they need to preserve this land.
  4. At a higher level we know that IPCC says we need to be at net zero in the entire world by 2050. I think we can do it by 2040 or earlier, and it’s going to take both the will of Congress coming together and a strong executive to say we can’t wait another three decades.”

On July 1, Bullock was asked about his position on the Keystone XL pipeline. He responded, “if it’s done right, we can’t take it off the table.”


In a 2017 article on the impact of climate change on his state, Bullock said, “To not acknowledge or deal with our changing climate in a responsible way is shortsighted and dangerous,” adding, “there’s no way you’re going to flip a switch tomorrow, or [in] five years, and all of a sudden quit using coal or other fossil fuels for energy production. There’s no way you’re going to be able to do that in 15 or 20 years.”

On July 1, Bullock announced he was signing an executive order to create a council that will study how and when Montana can feasibly reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions. It also sets an interim goal of reaching carbon neutrality in the electricity sector by 2035. In his announcement, Bullock said in Montana,

“climate change is already impacting our way of life and our economy…. Our impacts are among the most pronounced in the entire country. Already temperatures have risen 3 degrees in Montana since 1950 on average, about twice the amount of the nation as a whole. We’ve also been experiencing transitions in our economy and our energy sector that are happening within our state’s borders, around the nation and indeed around the world…. Our state, and indeed our entire nation, needs Montana-focused solutions now more than ever.”

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Mayor Pete Buttigieg

Climate Plans:

On June 11 during a speech at Indiana University on foreign policy, Buttigieg described his approach to climate change, saying it includes,

  1. “a carbon tax and dividend to reorient our economy around a more sensible reward system…. 
  2. quadrupling our R&D to at least $25 billion a year leading the way on research into renewable energy, energy storage, and carbon storage…. 
  3. empowering rural america to be part of the solution, helping to unlock the potential of soil management and other 21st century farming techniques…. 
  4. And [offering] a new kind of support for cities and towns seeking to reduce their dependence on carbon.… seeing how cities are rising to meet this challenge, even as our respective national governments lag behind, I believe the US should foster not only international but subnational engagement to meet a challenge whose solutions could be as unifying as its threats are universal. We would do well to host a Pittsburgh summit of cities to form commitments to stand alongside the Paris framework from countries.”

On August 13, Buttigieg released his Commitment to America’s Heartland plan for rural America. It includes a section on combating climate change that says as President, Buttigieg will:

  1. “Support agriculture and significantly invest in R&D as a powerful solution to climate change, including through soil carbon sequestration. Pete will invest nearly $50 billion over a decade in innovative research in soil technology, plant and animal health, food safety, nutrition and health, and natural resources, to promote a healthy environment for future generations. He will promote significant investment in R&D that has the potential to reduce agriculture’s carbon emissions to net-zero or net-negative and in technologies for monitoring and measuring soil carbon, while also boosting the bottom line for farmers”;
  2. “Pay farmers for conservation. Pete will expand many of the ecosystem services available today, like the Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation Stewardship Program, to pay farmers to maximize land conservation, biodiversity, productivity, and soil health. He will also reduce the administrative barriers that many farmers face trying to access these incentives”;
  3. “Establish next-generation Resilience Hubs to provide climate resilience data, tools, and support to communities. The hubs will provide climate data for each region to help communities understand and manage risks. Where private sector funding is not available, the Resilience Hubs will be complemented by a $5 billion per year in federal Resilient America Grants, which would be allocated regionally and used for high-impact investments to mitigate damage before disasters”;
  4. “Support biofuels and rural America by supporting the Renewable Fuels Standard as written. Pete will work with farmers on policies and incentives that reward best practices and drive innovations that are good for U.S. agriculture and good for our climate. Additionally, Pete will stop the abuse of “small refinery” exemptions established by the current administration, which allows fossil fuel giants to skirt their obligations to blend biofuels.”

Campaign Website:

On May 17, Buttigieg released a climate platform on his website in which he says his goal is to “Implement a Green New Deal with all available tools including a carbon tax-and-dividend for Americans, and major direct investment to build a 100% clean energy society.”

Buttigieg has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

On February 10, Buttigieg told Jake Tapper that he endorsed the Green New Deal resolution, saying, “I think it’s the right beginning. The idea that we need to race toward that goal and that we should do it in a way that enhances the economic justice and level of opportunity in our country, I believe that is exactly the right direction to be going in.”

On April 3, when a student at Northeastern asked him on why he supported the Green New Deal, erroneouslyclaiming that it would ban cows, destroy and rebuild all buildings, and cost $93 trillion dollars, Buttigieg replied,

“I don’t believe in abolishing cows. The Green New Deal is a few pages of a framework. It’s not a fully designed plan. Here’s why I consider it important though to defend this framework, even though it’s more a set of goals than a set of answers as of now: when you think about [whether we] can get to zero carbon – or net-zero carbon, which is more realistic – by 2030 or not, I don’t view that as a decision that’s going to be made in Congress, in terms of whether that timeline is appropriate. I view it as a decision that’s already been made by science. In other words, the right year to achieve those carbon goals is yesterday. The only question is how fast can we do it. And part of that is a question of will! How far will we go? Will we increase R&D to make renewable energy more practical? Are we willing to implement a carbon tax that will force us to deal with the long term cost of carbon that we’re putting into the atmosphere? And I think retrofitting buildings is a great idea. I’m not saying we need to blow them all up and build them back, I do think we will create a lot of jobs while we’re at it in the building trades.”

In his announcement speech in South Bend, Indiana on April 15, Buttigieg said,

“Let’s pick our heads up to face what might be the greatest security issue of our time: climate change and climate disruption. No region of our country is immune to that threat. We’ve seen it in the floods in Nebraska, the tornadoes in Alabama, the hurricane in Puerto Rico and the fires in California…. Something is changing around us, and we’re not even having a contest over whose climate plan is better because only one side brought forth any plans at all! If you don’t like our plans on climate, fine! Show us yours! Our economy is on the line, our future is on the line, our lives are on the line, so let’s call it what it is: climate security, a life and death issue for our generation.”


In 2018, Buttigieg committed South Bend to the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy. “We are already seeing the effects of climate change on our residents and businesses,” Buttigieg said about the announcement. “We joined the Covenant because we are serious about ensuring South Bend is a healthy, prosperous place for the next several generations, and because we want South Bend to contribute to the global effort to protect the climate.”

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Sec. Julian Castro

Climate Plans:

On June 18, Castro released a “People First Housing” plan that included a section related to climate change. In it, the former Housing and Urban Development Secretary under President Obama frames the plan as part of a broader effort to “achieve net-zero global greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, reduce U.S. emissions to at least half of 2005 emissions levels by 2030, and meet the promise of the Green New Deal.”

The plan has four key points:

  1. “Establish a $200 Billion Green Infrastructure Fund” that would “Support public transportation, energy efficiency building upgrades, climate resilience, a modernized energy grid that includes high-voltage direct current lines, energy storage, water conservation, public electric vehicle charging stations, and other investments through direct grants and concessional and non-concessional loans”;
  2. “Require climate sensitivity and ‘Carbon Scoring’ in future planning and government projects that would ensure any government project contributes towards meeting climate goals and sets benchmarks to reduce carbon impact and mitigate climate change, including net-zero carbon emission targets for new federal housing construction”;
  3. “Ensure zoning reforms enacted through this plan further climate goals through higher density housing, transit-oriented development, incorporating resilience in new developments, and other city planning practices that lower commute times, diminish reliance on personal vehicles, reduce destruction by natural weather events, and lower carbon emissions”;
  4. “Establish Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Assistance as a permanent program to help communities recover from natural disasters more effectively, and support long-term sustainable land use.”

On August 20, Castro released his Protecting Animals and Wildlife Plan. In it, he pledges to “End the leasing of federal lands for fossil fuel exploration and extraction. Whether is is the Arctic Refuge in Alaska or national parks in the Rocky Mountains, we should ensure that we protect these lands, their inhabitants, and meet our environmental goals to combat climate change.”


Castro is one of five candidates who have taken the No KXL pledge to 

  1. “take executive action on Day One to… revoke the existing presidential permits issued unilaterally by President Trump for the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, sending both projects back to relevant federal agencies to undergo legitimate environmental review and Tribal consultations”;
  2. “direct all federal agencies (State Dept., FERC, Army Corps) to submit these two projects, as well as all new pipeline and energy infrastructure projects to a true climate test, and reject permits for any project that would exacerbate our climate crisis”;
  3. “protect the property rights of farmers and ranchers from eminent domain abuse, and to honor the treaties the U.S. Government has signed with sovereign Tribal Nations”.

Campaign Website:

Outside of his People First Housing plan and Protecting Animals and Wildlife plan, Castro’s campaign website does not include any references to climate change.

Castro has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

When Castro announced his candidacy on January 12, he made addressing climate change a key point in his speech:

“The biggest threat to our prosperity in the 21st century is climate change. Don’t let anybody tell you that we have to choose between growing our economy and protecting our planet. We can fight climate change and create great jobs in America. And here’s the thing: we don’t have a moment to waste. Scientists say that if we don’t get serious about this right now the consequences will be tragic. So we won’t wait. As president, my first executive order will recommit the United States to the Paris Climate Accord. We’re going to say no to subsidizing big oil and say yes to passing a Green New Deal.”

In the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, Castro said,

“When I was HUD secretary we worked on the National Disaster Resilience Competition to invest in communities that were trying to rebuild from natural disasters in a sustainable way. That’s the way we’re going to make sure that we’re all safer in the years to come and combat climate change. And if I’m elected president, the first thing I would do… is sign an executive order recommitting us to the Paris Climate Accord.”

Later in the debate Castro was one of four candidates on stage to name climate change as the top geopolitical threat facing the United States.

Castro was asked a question on July 13 at the Netroots Nation conference about his approach to the climate crisis. He responded,

“I believe that we can both protect our planet and also create great jobs in the clean energy economy…. I like the idea of a Green New Deal that would invest in getting to net-zero [emissions], that would impose a carbon fee, and that would also invest in getting more jobs into the hands of hard-working Americans who need them. That includes ensuring that when we do that, when we spark economic opportunity in our country, that it doesn’t just go to the big cities, but it also goes to smaller rural communities… We need an economic development agenda that includes a climate-conscious approach and that reaches everybody. We’ve seen that that can work – whether it’s in Nevada and we talk about the solar energy industry, in Texas the wind energy industry, in a number of other states with renewables – that’s the kind of approach I think we need in the years to come.”


As mayor of San Antonio, Castro pushed the local utility to shut down a 900-megawatt coal-fired power plant and to adopt a 20 percent renewable energy benchmark by 2020.


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Mayor Bill de Blasio:

Climate Plans:

de Blasio has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

de Blasio’s campaign website provides an overview of his climate policies as Mayor of New York City, but does not clarify what his approach to climate would be if elected president.

de Blasio has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

On March 13, 2019, de Blasio wrote in New York magazine about his plan to “climate-proof Lower Manhattan” and the need for a federal Green New Deal:

“This should be as much a national priority as a local one… But right now, cities like New York are facing down the greatest threat to our survival on our own. I don’t expect deniers like President Trump to come to the table on this. It’s on Democrats to put this front and center on our national agenda in a way we haven’t ever before. The coalescing agenda represented by the Green New Deal is our best shot. We not only need a rapid transition to a low-carbon economy that prevents the most cataclysmic consequences of global warming, we need real dollars and real planning for coastal protection to combat the consequences that are already inevitable. We need a Green New Deal that marches forward on both these fronts at the same time, and with equal urgency.”

In his announcement video on May 16, de Blasio said, “when we saw our national government walk away from the Paris Agreement, we doubled down.” The video cuts to a rally where de Blasio says, “this battle to save our Earth will be won or lost in our lifetime. There’s no second chance.”


On April 22, 2019, Mayor de Blasio unveiled his OneNYC 2050 initiative, a “bold and audacious plan to attack global warming on all fronts” which calls for New York City to be carbon neutral by 2050. Touted on its website as “New York City’s Green New Deal,” the plan, it comes on the heels of the city’s recently passed Climate Mobilization Act, which has also been referred to as a “Green New Deal for New York City.”

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Rep. John Delaney

Climate Plans:

After announcing his run for president, Delaney was one of the original co-sponsors of the Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act of 2018, which NRDC experts David Doniger and Derek Murrow profiled here. In November he appeared on MSNBC to promote the bill, and upon being asked how climate change will feature in his presidential bid, he said “It’s a huge focus…. When I’m president I’m going to make sure we [pass a bill] just like this.”

Delaney released his climate plan on May 23. It has six areas of focus:

  1. Implement a carbon fee and dividend system that will reduce carbon emissions by 90% by 2050;
  2. Promote negative emissions technology to capture the remaining 10%;
  3. Increase the federal renewable energy research budget 5-fold;
  4. Develop a challenge grant program to promote innovation and reduce emissions;
  5. Create a climate corps for national service;
  6. Build a new pipeline network to deliver captured CO2 to oil fields to enhance oil recovery and sequester captured carbon.

Campaign Website:

Delaney’s campaign website has platform statements on his climate change plan, the importance of negative emissions technologies, and his proposal for a national climate corps.

Public statements:

Delaney has made his support of a carbon tax one of his key platforms. “Putting a price on carbon is the most effective tool we have to tackle the massive threat of climate change,” he said in a press release in January. “A carbon tax will change behavior, spur massive new innovation in clean energy, and produce dividends that can be returned directly back to people.”

On February 12 during a visit to New Hampshire, Delaney poured cold water on the Green New Deal:

“I actually don’t think the Green New Deal is the way to go. The reason is that I want to do something about fixing climate change tomorrow. I don’t want to tie it to fixing health care…. If you tie climate change to universal healthcare then you’re actually making it five times harder to do anything on climate change!”

In the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, Delaney said,

“I introduced the only bipartisan carbon tax bill in congress. All the economists agree that a carbon pricing mechanism works, you just have to do it right! You can’t put a price on carbon, raise energy prices, and not give it back to the American people. My proposal, which is put a price on carbon and give a dividend back to the American people, it goes out one pocket and in the other. I can get that passed my first year as president with a coalition of every Democrat in the Congress and the Republicans who live in coastal states. Republicans in Florida actually care about this issue. This has got to be our way forward.”


Delaney twice introduced the Tax Pollution, Not Profits Act (2015, 2017), a carbon tax bill that would have invested revenue in assisting displaced coal workers and lowering the corporate tax rate. 

In 2016, Delaney filed a resolution alongside Senator Ben Cardin calling for the US to produce 50% of its electricity from carbon-free sources by 2030.

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Rep. Tulsi Gabbard

Climate Plans:

Gabbard has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Gabbard’s campaign website says that she “is a champion for protecting our environment, ensuring clean water and air for generations to come, investing in infrastructure and a green energy economy… Regime change wars are bankrupting our country and our moral authority. We need to redirect those resources into a renewable, sustainable economy that works for everyone and bring about an era of peace.”

Gabbard has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

Gabbard did not co-sponsor the Green New Deal resolution, citing its “vagueness” as her reason.


Gabbard has been one of the most outspoken voices for climate action in the House, sponsoring the Off Fossil Fuels for a Better Future Act in 2017 which aimed to transition the country to 100 percent clean energy by 2035. In a press release when the bill was introduced, Gabbard said,

“We must do all we can to end our addiction to fossil fuels and deploy the technologies that will put America on the path toward a clean, sustainable energy future today and in the years to come…. If the federal government does not act now and bring people together to solve this challenge, we will fail to protect future generations of Americans from the devastating economic and environmental consequences of climate change.”

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Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand

Climate Plans:

Gillibrand released her “Climate Change Moonshot” plan on July 25. She says, “Climate change is the most serious threat to humanity today, and we need immediate and bold action to address it before it’s too late…. The next president has to be willing to take bold leaps to lead this effort and stand up to the climate change deniers, polluters, and oil and gas special interests. I will, because we can’t afford not to.”

The plan has eight key parts:

  1. Achieve net-zero carbon emissions in the electricity sector by 2030, and economy-wide by no later than 2050
  2. Phase-out existing fossil fuel leases and end new fossil fuel leases and fracking on public lands, cease drilling on the outer continental shelf, and end fossil fuel exports.
  3. Set up federal standards for federal infrastructure projects to increase energy efficiency and reduce reliance on carbon-intensive products.
  4. Hold polluters accountable by levying a fossil fuel excise tax to fund a $100 billion Climate Change Mitigation Trust Fund.
  5. Put a $52/ton price on carbon, with the $200 billion in revenue funneled into hastening the renewable energy transition.
  6. Create a Green Jobs Recovery Fund to help displaced workers find new work and a New Frontiers in Clean Energy initiative to manufacture clean technologies in the United States.
  7. Create a Rural Resiliency Fund to help rural communities prepare for and recover from climate-fueled natural disasters. 
  8. Invest $100 billion in building a smart energy grid across rural America.


On August 7, Gillibrand released a plan called Rebuilding Rural America to Build Our Future. It includes a section on how under her administration, farmers and rural communities “will build the new green sustainable economy.” To accomplish this, she pledges to:

  1. “Develop new insurance protections so farmers who want to innovate have access to an expanded whole farm revenue program to insure against loss as they develop and pilot innovative conservation oriented production systems.”
  2. “Improve the Conservation Stewardship Program and Environmental Quality Incentives program funding and options to support farmers who want to implement new, validated practices to stem climate change are eligible to receive payments to implement carbon sequestration on their farm as they do for providing other environmental services.”
  3. “Develop support of public sector agricultural scientists at ARS, land grant universities, and extension services for farmers to develop, evaluate, and refine carbon sequestration and advanced nutrient management programs on their farms.”
  4. “Launch a Made In Rural America initiative to support bio-based manufacturing as farm and forest products will be at the center of efforts to decarbonize our economy by replacing fossil fuels with renewable bio-based materials and forcing industrial polluters to pay the true cost of their production.”
  5. “Develop new energy infrastructure to power farms.The transition to advanced battery technology and renewable energy, including biofueled equipment run on fuels they can produce themselves will help farmers to reduce climate impacts. Building out solar and small wind power in rural communities will allow farmers to produce their own power and connect to microgrids that power their households, farms, and communities.”
  6. “Compensate forest owners for sustainable forest management so rural economies that depend on public lands and forests will be compensated not just for the timber they produce but for the environmental services, spaces for recreation, and durable carbon sequestration they provide.”

Campaign Website:

Gillibrand’s campaign website says that “Climate change is the most serious threat to humanity today. We can’t afford to make this anything less than our top policy priority as a country, and it’s going to take bold, ambitious action to meet this challenge. Kirsten was one of the first supporters of the Green New Deal, a moonshot strategy that would take major steps to save our planet by investing in infrastructure, creating a green jobs economy and protecting clean air and water. 

  1. We can get to a net-zero emissions economy by creating tax incentives to reward innovation and investment in renewable energy technology. 
  2. We also need to put a price on carbon to steer companies away from fossil fuels and toward clean and renewable energy sources. 
  3. We also need to rejoin the Paris climate agreement, 
  4. stop the expansion of offshore drilling and drilling on public lands, and 
  5. require companies to report climate risks.”

Gillibrand has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In an interview with Jon Favreau on “Pod Save America” on January 22, several days after announcing her exploratory committee, she said she supported a Green New Deal. “I think we need a moonshot,” she explained.

“We need to tell the American people we are going to have a green economy in the next 10 years not because it’s easy but because it’s hard…. If you actually invest in wind turbines, in solar panels, in geothermal, in hydropower, in biofuels, if you use our ability to innovate and invent you will solve the problem of moving into a green energy economy. And by doing that you’re going to create a lot of jobs.”

“I [also] think you should put a price on carbon if you really want to attack global climate change effectively. You should put a price on carbon because what you’re doing is you’re incentivizing good behavior. You’re saying “If you want to be a polluter – fair enough, but you’re going to pay a lot more because you’re harming the rest of us and we’re going to have to pay all those hospital bills.”… you don’t get the benefit of being a big polluter unless you’re gonna pay for it. But if you’re going to be the inventor and the innovator who’s going to create the new energy efficient processes you get the benefit.”

Several days after that interview, Gillibrand sent a letter asking Environment and Public Works Committee chair John Barasso (R-WY) to hold hearings and consider legislation “designed [to] decarbonize our economy and get us to net-zero emissions by as close to 2050 as possible. This should include a mix of innovative solutions in transportation policy, climate-smart infrastructure and high-performance energy efficiency.”

Gillibrand co-sponsored Senator Markey’s Green New Deal resolution on February 7, saying in a statement,

“We can end the climate change crisis, we can dramatically modernize our economy, and we can create countless new jobs across the entire country that can’t be shipped overseas – but we can only do it if Congress seizes this opportunity and acts now, instead of wasting more time arguing about whether or not the problem is even real. We cannot wait another day. I urge all of my colleagues to fight with me for a Green New Deal that puts Americans to work to solve this extraordinary challenge.”

In her announcement video on March 17, after flashing a video of Donald Trump calling climate change “a hoax”, she shows photos of Sunrise Movement youth activists and says, “We launched ourselves into space and landed on the moon. If we can do that we can definitely… pass a Green New Deal.”

In her campaign launch speech on March 24 outside of Trump Tower, Gillibrand said,

“We need to treat global climate change like the existential threat that it is. We need to pass the Green New Deal! Let’s make this our generation’s moonshot. Addressing a global challenge of this urgency will take massive effort and transformational vision. Which is exactly why we should do it. Let’s invest in our crumbling infrastructure, create sustainable green jobs, and protect clean air and clean water as a human universal right.And I’d like to go further than others who support this plan. I’d also put a price on carbon to use market forces to steer companies away from fossil fuels towards clean, renewable energy. We can’t afford not to do this. We don’t have time to waste! John F. Kennedy said he wanted to put a man on the moon in the next 10 years not because it’s easy but because it’s hard. I believe we should look at global climate change exactly the same way. We should aspire to net zero carbon emissions in the next ten years not because it is easy but because it’s hard! And it is a challenge that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one that we will win.”

Gillibrand was asked a question on July 13 at the Netroots Nation conference about her approach to the climate crisis, and she said,

“I believe that global climate change is the greatest threat to humanity that exists today. It will be the most important part of my presidency and an issue I’m ready to lose everything over. Because that’s how urgent it is…. As president I would pass the Green New Deal. And you want to know why I can do it? Because most of it is already bipartisan and I’ve been working on it for a decade. All it is is clean air, clean water… green jobs… putting a price on carbon to make sure you’re actually making the polluters pay more, and lastly green infrastructure. There’s nothing more bipartisan than that! Everyone wants high speed rail, rural broadband, a new electric grid, more mass transit. That’s how you pass the Green New Deal. The only part that’s new is net zero carbon emissions within 10 years… Why not as president create the opportunity for a green energy race with China, globally! Not only re-enter the global climate accord, but lead the national and international discussion. Make it the cornerstone of your administration and lead!”


Gillibrand was a vocal proponent of the Kerry-Boxer cap-and-trade bill in 2009. 

She also co-sponsored Sen. Merkley’s “Keep It In the Ground Act” in 2015 and 2017.

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Sen. Kamala Harris

Climate Plans:

On July 29, Harris introduced the Climate Equity Act in partnership with Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. According to a press release from Harris’s Senate office, 

“Avoiding the worst consequences of the climate crisis will require the United States to mobilize a full-scale and urgent effort in the form of a Green New Deal, which will end our reliance on fossil fuels and build a clean economy with millions of new jobs. Yet history has shown that such government efforts often leave behind vulnerable ‘frontline’ communities who stand to disproportionately suffer the negative impacts of the crisis at hand.”

To avoid this, the Climate Equity Act would “hold the United States government accountable for ensuring that frontline communities are at the heart of the decision-making process whenever it considers a policy, regulation, or rule with a climate or environmental nexus.” It proposes to:

  • “Establish an independent Office of Climate and Environmental Justice Accountability to represent the views of frontline communities in rulemaking by bringing those communities into the rulemaking process, conduct research on issues and trends in frontline communities, measure the costs of regulations on frontlines communities, and monitor government compliance.”
  • “Require that environmental and climate-related legislation receive an equity score that will transparently estimate the impact on frontline communities… modeled after the economic scores provided by the Congressional Budget Office”

Campaign Website:

Harris’s campaign website says

“We’re facing a climate crisis… Kamala knows we need to take on big oil companies to win this fight—and that’s exactly what she’s done throughout her career. From defending California’s landmark climate laws in court, to suing corporations like Chevron for damaging the environment, Kamala has stood up to special interests and won…. With American ingenuity and imagination, we can forge a Green New Deal to tackle the climate crisis, build a clean economy that creates good-paying jobs for the future, and confront environmental injustice head on. That means modernizing our transportation, energy, and water infrastructure. It means accelerating the spread of electric vehicles, solar panels, and wind turbines. And it means making bold investments in innovative technologies to build a carbon free future.”

Harris has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

On January 28 at a CNN Town Hall in Des Moines Iowa, Harris responded to a question about the Green New Deal by saying,

“I support a Green New Deal and I will tell you why. Climate change is an existential threat to us and we’ve got to deal with the reality of it… we have policymakers who are in the pocket of big oil and big coal who don’t fully appreciate the fact that we are looking at something that is posing an existential threat to our country.”

In her CNN town hall on April 22, when a student asked why she supported the Green New Deal Harris responded,

“I support it because I to my core know that the climate crisis is representing an existential threat to who we are as human beings…. [The Green New Deal] appreciates that we need to take this seriously and the clock is ticking every day on this issue. Every day we fail to act will be to our collective consequence.The UN has already said over the next 12 years if we don’t get this straight there will be severe consequence. This is within our ability to do something about it!… We need to invest in electric cars. We need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. All of that is in the Green New Deal. And you know the greatest thing about it that I’m really enjoying? It’s causing these conversations to happen around the country in a way they have not been the past few years. And hopefully everyone is understanding that so much of the harm that we are doing to our planet is caused by us as human beings and the solutions will be because we change our behaviors without much requirement in change to lifestyle.”

Harris said at the second Democratic debate on July 31, “We must have and adopt a green new deal. On day one as president I would re-enter us in the Paris Agreement and put [measures] in place so we would be carbon neutral by 2030.”


As California’s attorney general, Harris launched an investigation into whether Exxon Mobil lied to the public and its shareholders about the risks posed by climate change.

Harris introduced the “Living Shorelines Act of 2018,” which would have directed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to make grants to communities to combat the impacts of sea-level rise and stronger storms.

Harris co-sponsored Senator Markey’s Green New Deal resolution, saying,

“Climate change is an existential threat, and we must deal with the reality of it. We must radically shift the conversation on how to address the climate crisis we are facing because we are running out of time to act. I am proud to be an original co-sponsor of this bold Green New Deal resolution and look forward to working with my colleagues to craft policies to protect our environment, create jobs to fuel a clean economy, and build a sustainable and equitable future.”

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Gov. Jay Inslee

Climate Plans:

On May 3, Inslee rolled out his 100% Clean Energy for America Plan– “a bold 10-year mobilization to defeat climate change and create millions of good-paying jobs”. It has three major components, each intended to help the US achieve net-zero greenhouse gases “by no later than 2045.” They are to:

  1. Reach 100% zero emissions in new light- and medium-duty vehicles and all buses by 2030;
  2. Achieve 100% zero-carbon pollution from all new commercial and residential buildings by 2030; and
  3. Set a national 100% Clean Electricity Standard, requiring 100% carbon-neutral power by 2030, putting America on a path to having all clean, renewable and zero-emission energy in electricity generation by 2035.

On May 10, Inslee wrote in a blog for Data For Progress calling for the creation of a Climate Conservation Corps.

“The Climate Corps will organize the greatest renewable resource of all – the talent and energy of the American people – to work together in cities and rural communities, in our great parks and public lands, and all around the planet. It will give young people the opportunity to serve in the domestic and global effort to secure a healthy future, and will provide Americans of all ages and backgrounds with education, skills, job-training and employment opportunities to thrive in building our new clean energy economy.”

On May 16, Inslee released his Evergreen Economy Plan, a 28-point “comprehensive vision to build a clean energy economy that will create 8 million good jobs during the next 10 years. The plan catalyzes roughly $9 trillion of investments — with at least $300 billion in average annual federal spending leveraging approximately $600 billion more each year — in American industries and manufacturing, infrastructure, skilled labor, and new technology deployment.” The full plan is available to read here.

On June 5, Inslee released his Global Climate Mobilization plan. It lays out his vision for putting climate action at the heart of his foreign policy. Overall it has five goals:

  1. Restoring America’s leadership role in global climate action;
  2. Promoting resilience, justice, and stability in the face of climate disruption;
  3. Setting strong climate and labor standards in international trade;
  4. Driving investment to build a sustainable global economy;
  5. Taking on fossil fuels and creating climate accountability.

On June 24, Inslee released his Freedom from Fossil Fuels plan, which describes his vision for completely eliminating fossil fuel production. It has five key components:

  1. Ending fossil fuel subsidies;
  2. Banning new fossil fuel leasing on public lands and in offshore waters, and phasing out fossil fuel production;
  3. Holding polluters accountable by imposing a climate pollution fee;
  4. Rejecting new fossil fuel infrastructure and stopping fossil fuel exports;
  5. Improving corporate climate transparency.

On July 29, Inslee released his Community Climate Justice plan, the final plank of his climate policy. It has three key components:

  1. Putting justice at the center of America’s climate mission
  2. Building wealth from the bottom-up in frontline communities
  3. Supporting working families and empowering local leadership for a just transition

Inslee is one of five candidates who have taken the No KXL pledge to 

  1. “take executive action on Day One to… revoke the existing presidential permits issued unilaterally by President Trump for the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, sending both projects back to relevant federal agencies to undergo legitimate environmental review and Tribal consultations”;
  2. “direct all federal agencies (State Dept., FERC, Army Corps) to submit these two projects, as well as all new pipeline and energy infrastructure projects to a true climate test, and reject permits for any project that would exacerbate our climate crisis”;
  3. “protect the property rights of farmers and ranchers from eminent domain abuse, and to honor the treaties the U.S. Government has signed with sovereign Tribal Nations”.

He is also one of three candidates to oppose the construction of the Enbridge Line 3 pipeline in Minnesota.

Campaign Website:

Inslee’s climate plans form part of his overarching Climate Mission agenda. His campaign website describes this mission as an,

“ambitious and actionable plan for our nation to defeat climate change and invest in our clean energy future…. Governor Jay Inslee knows that defeating climate change is the defining challenge of our time and that it must be the foremost priority for the next president. Devastating disasters and rising pollution have claimed lives, cost the economy billions and threatened the places Americans live, work and raise families. Jay’s climate plan will meet the climate challenge head-on, while creating jobs building a clean energy future…. Through Jay’s Climate Mission, America will build upon the leadership of states and local communities, and engage the full energy of our country in a 10-year mobilization to confront climate change, end our reliance on fossil fuels, and create a clean energy future. This mission must be led by the White House — starting with bold action on day one of the next administration. There is no time to lose.”

Inslee has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In an op-ed in the Washington Post on January 17 Inslee wrote,

“The Democratic Party must nominate a candidate who will put fighting climate change at the top of the agenda. And that’s why I’m seriously considering running for president… Confronting this change has been the driving force of my time in public life. About a decade ago [in 2007], I co-wrote a book about the need to transform our economy to one run on clean energy and the need for a national Apollo mission-style project to take on this herculean task…. We must strive to achieve net-zero carbon pollution by midcentury, create a 100 percent clean-energy grid, and deploy new strategies and massive investments to transition off fossil fuels and decarbonize transportation, buildings and industries.”

Inslee’s announcement video on March 1 focused exclusively on climate change. After showing archival footage of him talking about climate change on the House floor, Inslee tells the camera,

“We’re the first generation to feel the sting of climate change. And we’re the last that can do something about it. We went to the moon and created technologies that changed the world. Our country’s next mission must be to rise up to the most urgent challenge of our time: defeating climate change. This crisis isn’t just a chart or a graph anymore, the impacts are being felt everywhere. We have the opportunity to transform our economy, run on 100% clean energy, that will bring millions of good paying jobs to every community across America, and create a more just future for everyone. I’m Jay Inslee, and I’m running for president because I’m the only candidate that will make defeating climate change our nation’s number one priority. We can do this, join our movement! This is our moment.”

Inslee’s campaign launch on March 1 was held at a solar panel installation facility in Seattle, and there he outlined the four main goals of his Climate Mission agenda:

  1. “Number one, we will power our economy with 100 percent clean, renewable, and carbon-free energy and achieve net zero greenhouse gas pollution in the United States;
  2. Number two, we are going to create millions of good paying jobs in every community investing in clean energy. We are going to build electric cars in Michigan. We are going to build and install wind turbines in Iowa. And we are going to install  solar right here in Washington State. That’s what we’re going to do;
  3. And while we do this, we will focus on justice and inclusion as a centerpiece of this economic transformation, to ensure no group is left to bear the cost of transition and everyone benefits from new jobs and investment;
  4. And finally we need to end the giveaways and billions in subsidies to fossil fuel industries.”

At a CNN town hall on April 10, Inslee stressed the importance of removing the filibuster in order to pass climate legislation:  “If the filibuster is still in Mitch McConnell’s hand come 2021, all hope is sort of down the tubes to be able to do real significant reform. So I’m telling you, if I’m given this highest honor, I will lead the charge to end this senatorial privilege, which is an ancient artifact of a bygone in time. Let’s get some…  climate change legislation and reform the United States of America.”

In an interview with the Intelligencer published on April 16, Inslee said he supports research into nuclear energy:

“I think, given the urgency and the scale of the challenge, we have to keep all low- and zero-carbon technologies on the table. I support research projects to find out whether we can develop a system that will meet our needs: One, be more cost-effective; two, be safer to deal with, with passive safety systems; three, deal with the waste issue — either eliminate it or find some disposal system that’s meaningful; and four, win public acceptance…. Those issues would have to be surmounted to make it something that could grow in the country.”

In April Inslee began calling for the Democratic National Committee to hold a climate-only primary debate, emailing supporters that,

“There’s so much to talk about when it comes to our climate and our environment. Climate justice. The health impact that big polluters are having on our communities. Access to clean water. Creating union jobs in a clean energy economy. Protecting federal lands. These topics deserve a focused debate. This can’t be a one-off question where candidates get to give a soundbite and move on: Climate change is at the heart of every issue that matters to voters, and voters deserve to hear what 2020 presidential candidates plan to do about it. Each 2020 nominee needs to have a concrete plan to address climate change – and we deserve to hear those plans.” 

On June 5 the DNC rejected Inslee’s request, a decision described by DNC chair Tom Perez on June 11 in a Medium post

Inslee said the decision was,

“extremely disappointing. The grassroots of our party is demanding that we pay attention to this existential threat. This is an issue upon life depends… and it is totally unacceptable to me not only not to have a debate, where we end up just having cliches and soundbites instead of forcing candidates to put their plans forward, but they’ve also said they’re barring Democratic candidates from participating in other debates. That’s outrageous to me, to muzzle candidates that want to have this debate.”

In the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, Inslee responded to a question about addressing income inequality by saying he will,

“put people to work in the jobs of the present and the future. Donald Trump is simply wrong. He says wind turbines cause cancer, we know they cause jobs. And we know that we can put millions of people to work in the clean energy jobs of the future. Carpenters, IBEWs members, machinists. We’re doing it in my state today. And then we can do what America always does: lead the world and invent the future.”

Later in the debate, after Rachel Maddow asked if his climate plan would save Miami from going underwater, Inslee replied,

“Yes, first by taking the filibuster from Mitch McConnell. We have to do that. We are the first generation to feel the sting of climate change and we’re the last that can do something about it. Our towns are burning, our fields are flooding, Miami is inundated. And we have to understand this is a climate crisis, an emergency, and it is our last chance in the next administration to do something about it. We need to do what I’ve done in my state: we’ve passed a 100% clean electrical grid bill. We now have a vision statement. My plan has been called the gold standard for putting people to work. But the most important thing on this, and the biggest decision for the American public is who is going to make this their first priority? And I am the only candidate saying this has to be the top priority of the United States.”

Inslee took on Vice President Biden at the second Democratic debate on July 31, saying,

“Climate change is not a singular issue, it is all the issues that we Democrats care about. It is health, it is national security, it’s our national economy. And we know this: middle ground solutions as the vice president has proposed or middling average sized things are not going to save us. Too little too late is too dangerous. We need to have a bold plan and mine has been called the gold standard…. The science tells us we have to get off coal in 10 years. Your plan does not do that. We have to get off fossil fuels in the electric grid in 15. Your plan simply doesn’t do that…. The time is up, our house is on fire! We have to stop using coal in 10 years and we need a president to do it or it won’t get done. Get off coal, save this country and our planet, that’s what I’m for.” 


Inslee is the co-founder of the U.S. Climate Alliance, a bipartisan coalition of 21 states that have pledged to take action on climate change following Trump withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement.

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Sen. Amy Klobuchar

Climate Plans:

On March 28, Klobuchar released her first major policy proposal: a massive infrastructure package that includes a climate change component. “Amy’s plan makes a down payment on transforming our economy from one reliant on fossil fuels to one that depends on clean energy,” her campaign’s press release said, adding,

“That means sweeping legislation that invests in green infrastructure, modernizes our aging energy infrastructure so that it is secure and efficient, strengthens bioenergy capabilities, puts incentives in place to overhaul our building codes, and invests in energy efficiency retrofits and rural renewable energy development. Amy will also help states and cities plan for the impacts of climate change by building stronger, more resilient transportation networks and public infrastructure to withstand rising sea levels, a changing climate, and extreme weather. This means good-paying jobs for people across the country, investments that ensure cleaner and greener communities and workplaces, and a commitment to doing something real about climate change.”

On June 18, Klobuchar released a list of over 100 concrete actions she would take in her first 100 days as president. Six were related to climate, including:

  1. “Get the United States back in the International Climate Agreement on day one”;
  2. “Senator Klobuchar will bring back the goals established by the Clean Power Plan”;
  3. “Senator Klobuchar will restore and strengthen our fuel economy standards, which are key to fighting climate change”;
  4. “Senator Klobuchar will introduce sweeping legislation to combat the climate crisis that builds on the framework of the Green New Deal, including a massive investment in green jobs and infrastructure, climate research and innovation, environmental justice programs, rural energy development and better greener transportation. In addition to a major direct federal investment, her legislation will create state, local and private incentives for the immediate adoption and deployment of clean energy technology to reduce emissions, including the promotion of green manufacturing. Her proposal will put our country on a path to achieving 100% net-zero emissions no later than 2050, fulfill our responsibility to our communities and workers who have helped power this country, and includes incentives and support for tougher building codes, appliance standards, buy clean, and climate resilience”;
  5. “Reinstate the National Climate Assessment Advisory Committee to immediately start addressing the climate crisis. The National Climate Assessment Advisory Committee was charged with translating the findings of the National Climate Assessment into concrete goals. Senator Klobuchar will reinstate this committee that President Trump let expire”;
  6. “End the Trump Administration’s censoring of climate science. Senator Klobuchar will end Trump Administration efforts to censor climate science through actions like deleting climate-focused websites, removing the phrase “climate change” from reports, and preventing government scientists from attending conferences on climate change.”

On August 7, Klobuchar released her Plan from the Heartland. It includes commitments to expand energy efficiency and clean energy programs in rural America, including biofuel production. Among other things, Klobuchar says she will:

  1. Support “the Rural Energy for America program and Rural Energy Savings program so that farmers and rural communities can access renewable energy solutions that lower their costs.”
  2. “launch a grant program to help rural cooperatives develop energy storage and microgrid projects for renewable energy for generation, transmission and storage. She will also support increased investment in small, distributed wind, solar and biogas projects.”
  3. “establish a Clean Energy bond program to expand clean energy tax incentives.”
  4. “invest in interregional transmission lines and grid improvements to support the development of renewable energy”
  5. “preserve and expand resources for LIHEAP and the Weatherization Assistance Program, which helps households in need reduce energy spending.”
  6. “support the continued expansion of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program and increase resources for the Conservation Stewardship Program to help provide farmers the tools they need to protect and enhance natural resources on working agricultural lands.”

Campaign Website:

Klobuchar’s campaign website says,

“Amy is deeply committed to tackling the climate crisis and believes that it is an urgent priority for our communities, for our economy and for our planet. She is a co-sponsor of a Green New Deal and has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge.  On day one of Amy’s presidency she will get us back into the International Climate Change Agreement. On day two and day three, she will bring back the clean power rules and gas mileage standards that the Obama Administration put into place.  And she will put forward sweeping legislation that provides a landmark investment in clean-energy jobs and infrastructure, provides incentives for tougher building codes, promotes rural renewable energy and development, and promotes ‘buy clean’ policies.”

Public statements:

In her announcement speech on February 11, Klobuchar promised, “in the first 100 days of my administration I will reinstate the clean power rules, the gas mileage standards, and put forth sweeping legislation to invest in green jobs and infrastructure. And on day one, we will rejoin the international climate agreement.”

On February 12, Klobuchar told Anderson Cooper, “I’m in favor of [the Green New Deal] simply because I see it as a framework to jump-start a discussion… I don’t see it as something that we can get rid of all these industries or do this in a few years — that doesn’t make sense to me — or reduce air travel. But what does make sense to me is to start doing concrete things, and put some aspirations out there on climate change.”

On April 22 during a CNN town hall in Manchester, New Hampshire, Klobuchar received a question about how she plans to include rural communities in the discussion around climate change. She responded that she would say,

“Look at what’s in front of you. For too long we’ve been talking about this, I think, as a coastal issue. Which is true! Rising sea levels, the Greenland ice sheet was in the news today, hurricanes. But let’s talk about it for the middle of the country where we need the political support…. This is what we see: floods all over Iowa, Nebraska, and Missouri…. Or you look at the wildfires in Colorado or Arizona, or you think of that dad in Northern California outside of Paradise who is driving his little girl in the car, with their house presumably burning behind them, and the flames lapping over their car and he’s singing to her, singing to calm her down. Climate change isn’t happening 100 years from now, it’s happening right now.”


After the release of the IPCC’s 1.5 degrees report in October 2018, Klobuchar took to the floor of the Senate and gave a speech on the importance of addressing climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Following the release of the National Climate Assessment in November 2018, Klobuchar spoke with George Stephanopoulos on ABC’s “This Week” and called for a renewed commitment to the Paris climate agreement, decried the Trump administration’s rollback of gas mileage standards, and called for the use of EPA authority to regulate greenhouse gases.

Klobuchar co-sponsored Senator Markey’s Green New Deal resolution, saying, “Investing in clean green energy is our future. We must do it for our climate and we must lead in the world.”

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Rep. Seth Moulton

Climate Plans:

Moulton has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Moulton’s campaign website says,

“We’re facing two primary challenges in this country right now. The first is that our economy is changing faster than ever before, and Americans everywhere are being left behind. The second is climate change. That’s why we need a Green New Deal: because if we do it right, we can solve both problems at once. The Green New Deal needs to be built around green jobs and clean energy, decarbonization and breakthrough technologies, and access to green energy for the developing world—and America should lead the way in winning this moral and economic opportunity. We can lead the world in green tech and green jobs, and we should set the standards for other countries to follow. The New Deal paved the way for a strong economy and American leadership in the last century. Let’s shape the Green New Deal to help America lead this one.”

Moulton has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In his announcement video on April 21, Moulton says his vision for the country “starts with growing our economy with the new jobs, the green jobs, the tech jobs, the advanced manufacturing jobs that are going to make us the world leader in the next century.” Likewise, his national security agenda “starts with tackling climate change and making sure we have a planet without an expiration date.”

Moulton signed on as a cosponsor to the House Green New Deal resolution on February 7. In an op-ed published on March 29 in the Des Moines Register, Moulton said,

“I signed on to the Green New Deal when it was an open framework because the opportunity we have is to make it into a new jobs package that also gets climate change under control. A successful Green New Deal will have many dimensions, and Iowa already leads the nation in one: renewable energy. But let me suggest two more that can start now and start here in Iowa: Federal Green Corps and carbon farming….The federal Green Corps would create an optional path for Americans to spend two years serving our country. It could retrofit our buildings with insulation to lower heating and air-conditioning bills, an… would focus on projects like reinforcing our levees to protect from future floods….Carbon farming is even simpler: when farmers harvest crops, Congress should give them a subsidy to plant cover crops and not till their fields. This will take carbon out of the air and capture it underground, reducing the carbon in our atmosphere. And it can help farmers maintain their land, protecting against erosion and enriching their soil. These two steps won’t solve our climate and economic challenges alone, but they’re a good start.”


In 2015 Moulton advocated in favor of keeping aging nuclear power plants online rather than shutting them down. He described nuclear power as “the best carbon-free energy source we have, and we’re all going to be breathing the dirty air from coal and gas if we shut these plants down.”

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Rep. Beto O’Rourke

Climate Plans:

On April 29, O’Rourke announced a detailed four-part framework to fight climate change, ensuring the country reaches “net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, and that we are halfway there by 2030”. The plan rests on four main pillars: 

  1. Start cutting pollution on day one and taking executive actions to lead on climate;
  2. Mobilize a historic $5 trillion for climate change with investment in infrastructure innovation, and our people and communities;
  3. Guarantee our net-zero emissions ambition by 2050;
  4. Defend our communities that are preparing for and fighting against extreme weather.

Campaign Website:

O’Rourke’s campaign website includes a page for his climate plan and a transcript of his announcement speech in which he talks about climate.

O’Rourke has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In his announcement video on March 14, O’Rourke told the camera, “the interconnected crises in our economy, our democracy, and our climate have never been greater.” He added, “perhaps most importantly of all, because our very existence depends on it, we can unleash the ingenuity and creativity of millions of Americans who want to ensure that we squarely confront the challenge of climate change before it’s too late.”

At a campaign event in Keokuk, Iowa that same day, O’Rourke was asked about his thoughts on the Green New Deal. “This is our final chance,” he responded. “The scientists are absolutely unanimous on this, that we have no more than 12 years to take incredibly bold action on this crisis…. Can we make it? I don’t know, it’s up to every single one of us…. Some will criticize the Green New Deal for being too bold, for being too unmanageable. I’ll tell you what, I haven’t seen anything better that addresses the crisis that we face, a crisis that could at its worst lead to extinction…. Literally the future of the world depends on us right here.”

In his announcement speech in El Paso on March 30, O’Rourke said,

“This is our moment, with little more than 10 years to spare to do everything in our power to free this economy from a dependence on fossil fuels, greenhouse gas emissions, and to ensure as we make the investment in new technologies and renewable energy that everyone has the chance to benefit from this new economy, especially those communities, lower income and too often of color, who have born the brunt of climate change so far… let’s open up technologies and markets to [everyone that wants to help] that provide an incentive for capturing the carbon that we’re currently emitting in the air….”

At the We the People Forum on April 1, O’Rourke was asked what he would do in his first hundred days to protect the environment. He responded,

“There are a couple of low hanging opportunities first implemented by the Obama Administration and since reversed by the Trump Administration: Clean Power Plan rules to make sure that we take into account pollution right now. Higher standards for vehicle emissions… absolutely right away. First day in office make sure that we’re fully signed up for the Paris climate accords. As ambitious as those are, it isn’t ambitious enough. So the next thing we need to do is to lead by example…. We generate more wind energy in Texas than any other state in the union. We’re close to closing the distance on solar, building out utility-scale solar. The two fastest growing jobs in the United States of America today? Wind jobs and solar jobs. Let’s make this about saving the planet and also connecting people with jobs that provide purpose and function and a living wage and a skill and a trade that they will have for the rest of their lives. That also means unions and labor, strengthening and prioritizing instead of diminishing the ability to organize and equip people with the skills they’ll need for the rest of their lives….And I’ve got to tell you, those who have written and championed the Green New Deal are absolutely right on the money.”

At a CNN town hall in Des Moines, Iowa, on May 21, 2019, O’Rourke was asked about whether he regrets his vote to lift the ban on crude oil exports. He responded,

“I’m happy with that vote… I want to make sure that this country, for as long as we use fossil fuels – and I just made the pledge to transition this country as quickly as humanly can from them – but as long as we’re using them, I want to make sure that we’re independent of the need to obtain those fossil fuels from the Middle East or Venezuela, for these endless wars we’ve been in, 28 years in Iraq alone, and this president threatening to invade Venezuela, the country with the largest proven oil reserves. I’d rather those jobs and that exploration take place here in this country to satisfy our energy needs and the needs of others around the world. I’d like to toughen the EPA standards to make sure that we’re doing this in the most environmentally sound way. And then long term, as quickly as possible transition totally off of fossil fuels to renewable energy.”

On June 21, O’Rourke was asked during an interview on Pod Save America what his top legislative priority would be. He responded that although “there are a host of threats and challenges that we face, [climate change] is the single greatest. I think it’s important that we begin by bringing this country together around the solutions to it.”

At the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, O’Rourke was asked how he would respond to someone who believes climate legislation is the government telling them how to live. He responded,

“You’ve got to bring everyone in to the challenges and the decisions we face… We in our administration are going to fund resiliency… in those places that are on the frontlines of climate change today. We’re going to mobilize $5 trillion in this economy over the next ten years. We’re going to free ourselves from a dependence on fossil fuels, and we’re going to put farmers and ranchers in the drivers seat, using renewable and sustainable agriculture to make sure that we capture more carbon out of the air and keep more of it in the soil, paying farmers for the environmental services they provide.”

Later in the debate O’Rourke was one of four candidates on stage to name climate change as the top geopolitical threat facing the United States.


In a televised debate with Cruz during the Senate race in 2018, O’Rourke responded to a moderator’s question about climate change by saying,

“The climate is changing. Man-made climate change is a fact…. We still have time, but the window is closing. If we’re going to make our commitment to the generations that follow and not just think about the next election or our political career or our pursuit of the White House then we can make the right decisions. Now, we can support Texas being a proud energy leader in oil and in gas, but also in renewable energy. Today, Texas leads the country – we’re number one in the nation – in the generation of renewable wind power. We’re number five and moving up quick when it comes to solar. The two fastest growing jobs in the United States of America today [are] wind and solar jobs. We can continue to grow this economy, we can reject the false choice between oil and gas and renewable energy, make sure we produce and refine and transport and use our energy resources more responsibly.”

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Rep. Tim Ryan:

Climate Plans:

Ryan has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Ryan’s campaign website says,

“Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing our planet and the clock is ticking. We can’t just reduce climate change — we need to reverse it! With the number of deadly ‘once-in-a-lifetime’ storms, floods and fires, we owe it to our kids to stop the debate and start addressing this issue head-on.”

“As President, I will rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement. Republicans are rejecting science as it stands. They’re rolling back protections already put into place. Every other country around the world is making real strategic investments in carbon emission reduction and clean energy technology. We’re not. The United States’ inaction is unacceptable. We must show greater leadership through strong, decisive action. That means committing to a future that is 100% carbon free and laying out a pragmatic, Earth-friendly energy policy to get us there. A social pact to clean energy also creates opportunities for new, good-paying jobs across the country. There are 8,000 component parts that make up a new windmill. There will be almost 30 million electric cars on the road by 2030. The solar industry is growing at 50% annually. This stuff has to get built somewhere and I want everything built right here in the United States.”

Ryan has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

On February 24, Ryan sat down for an interview with a local New Hampshire news station and responded to a question about his stance on the Green New Deal by saying,

“I think the value statement that that document presented is very valuable and very bold. I don’t agree with everything in there, but I will say we’re having a conversation about it…. I don’t think we can get to a green economy, a carbon-neutral economy without having an honest conversation about nuclear energy, both what we have now and microgrids to come. I also think we’ve got to talk about how business is going to be a part of this. There’s no way we’re going to green the economy, going to be able to get rid of carbon and reverse climate change, without having business at the table. We need the magic of the free-enterprise system, the innovation that comes with the free enterprise system, that’s got to be a big part of this.”

Upon being asked a follow-up question about the perception among his constituents of the Green New Deal, Ryan said,

“I think we’ve got to talk about it differently. We can talk about it in the context of climate change, but we’ve got to talk about it in the sense of manufacturing jobs, what does this mean for the economy, what does this mean for the energy industry. Talk to people about how this means jobs! This means work. Wind’s growing at 25-30% per year. Solar’s growing at 25-30% per year. That’s opportunity. The key is going to be how are you going to get private investment, venture capital money that is primarily focused on the coasts (California, New York, Massachusetts have 80% of venture capital). If we’re going to green the economy, we need that venture capital going to places like New Hampshire, Ohio, Iowa, the Deep South. We’ve got to figure out how we get private industry and the profit motive working and then make sure the workers are cut in on that deal.”

Moments after announcing his candidacy on April 4 on “The View”, Ryan outlined his plan for bringing manufacturing back to the Midwest:

“I understand where we need to go. The country’s so divided right now that we can’t get a plan together…. There are so many industries out there growing: wind and solar growing at 25-30% a year; electric vehicles, there’s two million made today, by 2030 there’s going to be 30 million electric vehicles. I want those vehicles made in the United States, I want the batteries made in the United States, I want the charging stations made in the United States, and right now China dominates 40% of the electric vehicle market…. [Trump] plays the old school politics. He wants to go back to the old economy. He wants to go back to old steel mills and old coal mines. I’m saying where are our kids going to work? How do we come together, the best of government, the best of the workforce, and the best of the free enterprise system and dominate the electric vehicle market so that we’re creating jobs and at the end of the day cut the worker in on the deal.”

At the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, Ryan told the moderators, “We need an industrial policy saying we’re going to dominate building electric vehicles – there’s going to be 30 million made in the next 10 years; I want half of them made in the United States. I want to dominate the solar industry and manufacture those here in the United States.”


Ryan was the only democratic cosponsor of a 2015 bill to expand exports of liquified natural gas.

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Sen. Bernie Sanders

Climate Plans:

Sanders has not released any climate plans to date.

That said, Sanders is one of five candidates who have taken the No KXL pledge to 

  1. “take executive action on Day One to… revoke the existing presidential permits issued unilaterally by President Trump for the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, sending both projects back to relevant federal agencies to undergo legitimate environmental review and Tribal consultations”;
  2. “direct all federal agencies (State Dept., FERC, Army Corps) to submit these two projects, as well as all new pipeline and energy infrastructure projects to a true climate test, and reject permits for any project that would exacerbate our climate crisis”;
  3. “protect the property rights of farmers and ranchers from eminent domain abuse, and to honor the treaties the U.S. Government has signed with sovereign Tribal Nations”.

He is also one of three candidates to oppose the construction of the Enbridge Line 3 pipeline in Minnesota.

Campaign Website:

Sanders campaign website includes a page titled “Combat Climate Change and Pass a Green New Deal.” It says, “Climate change is the single greatest threat facing our planet. Yet the giant, multi-national fossil fuel corporations have spent hundreds of millions of dollars furthering their greed and protecting their profits at the expense of our climate and our future. The recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has made it clear that if we fail to substantially cut the amount of carbon in our atmosphere in under 11 years, the human, environmental, and economic costs will be severe and irreversible…. When we are in the White House, we will:

  1. Pass a Green New Deal to save American families money and generate millions of jobs by transforming our energy system away from fossil fuels to 100% energy efficiency and sustainable energy. A Green New Deal will protect workers and the communities in which they live to ensure a transition to family-sustaining wage, union jobs;
  2. Invest in infrastructure and programs to protect the frontline communities most vulnerable to extreme climate impacts like wildfires, sea level rise, drought, floods, and extreme weather like hurricanes;
  3. Reduce carbon pollution emissions from our transportation system by building out high-speed passenger rail, electric vehicles, and public transit;
  4. Ban fracking and new fossil fuel infrastructure and keep oil, gas, and coal in the ground by banning fossil fuel leases on public lands;
  5. End exports of coal, natural gas, and crude oil.”

Sanders has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In a video announcing his candidacy on February 19, Sanders listed climate change as one of his reasons for running:

“Our campaign is about transforming our country and creating a government based on the principles of economic, social, racial and environmental justice…. I’m running for president because we need to make policy decisions based on science, not politics. We need a president who understands that climate change is real, is an existential threat to our country and the entire planet, and that we can generate massive job creation by transforming our energy system away from fossil fuels to energy efficiency and sustainable energy.”

On a March 1 appearance on ABC’s “The View”, Sanders was asked a question about climate change and said,

“In my own personal opinion, I’ve been talking to scientists all over the world, if we do not get our act together and take on the fossil fuel industry and transform our energy system away from fossil fuel into energy efficiency and sustainable energy, the planet that we are going to be leaving our kids and our grandchildren – Jane and I have seven grandchildren – will become increasingly unhealthy and uninhabitable. Now given that reality, it seems to me the job we have to do is to immediately grasp the magnitude of the problem and transform our energy system to save the planet…. You cannot go too far on the issue of climate change! The future of the planet is at stake!”

At a town hall in Bethlehem, PA on Fox News on April 15, responding to a question about national security Sanders said,

“I’ll tell you what else in my view is a national security issue. We have got to reject as a nation Trump’s idea that climate change is a hoax. I’m sure you’re familiar with the scientific reports that tell us we have all of 12 years to significantly cut carbon emissions or else there will be irreparable damage to the United States and countries all over the world. We have a moral responsibility in my view to transform our energy system and leave this planet healthy and habitable for our children and our grandchildren. And by the way, when we do that we create millions of good paying jobs…. In my city of Burlington Vermont, which is the largest city in the state of Vermont, I believe that all of our energy is now renewable. That’s something that I started way back when I was mayor, and other cities are doing the same! But here is the point, I happen to believe that we should phase out, not eliminate it tomorrow, but phase out nuclear power plants. But here is the main point. The main point is if we do not combat climate change I fear very much the kind of world we are leaving to our kids. More drought, more flooding, more extreme weather disturbances, more rising ocean levels. And when those things happen, they become a national security issue because people migrate! If I’m living in the Middle East or someplace and I can’t grow food on my land, I’m going to pick up and leave and that causes conflict.”

On April 22 when a student inquired about what specific policies he supports to get to carbon neutrality and support a just transition, Sanders said,

“Here’s where we are. The scientists who know the issue the best, some months ago made it clear that if we do not significantly transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to energy efficiency and sustainable energies this planet and our country will suffer irreparable damage. So to me the issue of moving very aggressively on climate change is a moral issue, because it speaks to whether or not we are going to leave this country and our planet – and I’ve got seven grandchildren including 3 here in New Hampshire – in a way that is healthy and habitable. And if we do not act aggressively it will be a disaster for the entire planet and the United States.To answer your question, what does that mean? It means that we have got to take on the fossil fuel industry and make it very clear that we are moving away from fossil fuel and at the same time not blaming those people who work in the coal industry or the gas industry or the oil industry. All they are trying to do is feed their families, and we support that! So we, in all of the legislation we have many many many billions of dollars to go into those communities to help workers get the training and the education that they need to get jobs that will pay them as much or even more.At the end of the day this is what we’ve got to do:

  1. We’ve got to move aggressively towards energy efficiency. That means we can create – and one of the points that the Green New Deal makes – is we have the potential to create millions of good paying jobs as we transform our energy system away from fossil fuel. There are buildings all over New England, homes all over New England, that are wasting a tremendous amount of energy. We can weatherize those homes. I’ve been in homes in Vermont where the fuel bill went down 50% because people got the insulation, the windows, the roofing that they needed. Millions of people can be helped in that respect;
  2. We should invest very significantly in solar and in wind. I know the president thinks that wind turbines cause cancer… only person in the world who happens to believe that, but we can move aggressively towards wind and solar;
  3. We have got to rethink our transportation system and build the kind of state of the art rail system that our country needs, which will help us transport people and cargo in a much more non-polluting way.

The bottom line is this is an issue that we cannot run away from. And of all my disagreements with Trump on virtually every issue, the idea that he continues to talk about climate change as a hoax or not real is so dangerous and so harmful, not only to our country but the world.The United States of America under a Sanders presidency will lead the world in transforming our energy system, create millions of jobs, create a less polluting society. And that is something we have no choice, that is something we have to do.”

At the MoveOn Big Ideas Forum on June 1, Sanders told the crowd, “Here is my dream, you want a big idea? Here is a very big idea: maybe, just maybe, countries around the world that are spending $1.5 trillion on weapons of destruction to kill each other can band together and use that money to transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to sustainable energy and energy efficiency and save the planet, and in the process create millions of good paying jobs. That’s my big idea!”

On July 16, Sanders told Robert Acosta during a Washington Post Live interview,

“If you’re a farmer in Iowa and you’re looking at the climate out there, and you see what’s happening in Europe, in India, and Australia, you know that despite what Trump believes climate change is not a hoax. It is in fact a very very serious reality for the planet. And I want this country to lead the world, not to deny the reality of climate change!”

“My vision as president, I know this is a radical vision and it may not succeed, but right now what the scientists are telling us is we have less than 12 years to radically transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to energy efficiency and sustainable energy or else there will be irreparable damage to our country and the world. So as president of the United States what I would do, don’t know that I would succeed, is go to Russia, go to China, go to Brazil, go to India, and say maybe instead of spending $1.5 trillion every year on weapons of destruction designed to kill each other maybe we should use those resources to fight our common enemy which is climate change… that has got to be the goal. And by the way, as someone who supports the Green New Deal, when we move to the transformation of our energy system we create millions and millions of good-paying jobs, leading the world in wind and solar and other sustainable technologies.”

Sanders said at the second Democratic debate on July 30, “I get a little bit tired of Democrats afraid of big ideas. Republicans are not afraid of big ideas… please don’t tell me we cannot take on the fossil fuel industry. Nothing happens unless we do that. Here is the bottom line: [what] do you do with an industry that knowingly for billions of dollars in short-term profits is destroying this planet? I say that is criminal activity, that cannot be allowed to continue…. We have got to be super aggressive if we love our children and we want to leave them a planet that is healthy and habitable.”


In 2015 Sanders joined Senators Merkley and Markey to introduce the American Clean Energy Investment Act, which would have made permanent tax credits for clean energy, incentivized energy efficiency upgrades and expanded access to electric vehicles.

Sanders co-sponsored Sen. Merkley’s Keep It In the Ground Act in 2015 and 2017 and his 100 by 50 Act in 2017.

During the 2016 campaign, Sanders backed a national ban on fracking.  

On December 3, 2018, he held a virtual town hall called Solving Our Climate Crisis that featured noted environmental leaders such as Bill McKibben, Van Jones, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, and Republican mayor Dale Ross, who successfully transitioned his town to 100% renewable energy.

Sanders co-sponsored Senator Markey’s Green New Deal resolution, writing on Twitter, “Climate change is an existential disaster facing the entire world. We must transform our energy system away from fossil fuels to energy efficiency and sustainable energy. A Green New Deal can save the planet and create millions of new jobs.”

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Rep. Joe Sestak:

Climate Plans:

Sestak has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Sestak’s campaign website says,

“Climate change and environmental collapse are twin problems that threaten the very existence of life as we know it on this planet. Solving them presents our generation with the greatest challenge in human history — and it is imperative that we rise to meet this challenge. The stakes are just too high if we fail. As President, I will make stopping climate change and preventing environmental collapse the key national priorities they need to be. We owe future generations of humanity nothing less.”

The website describes nine priorities for addressing climate change, including:

  1. “Re-join the Paris Accord and restoring our leadership role among the community of nations working together to fight climate change;
  2. Stop subsidizing fossil fuel industries;
  3. Implement a fee for carbon polluters, with proceeds being returned to all Americans as a dividend and also devoted to research & development in renewable energy and other climate-stabilizing strategies;
  4. Ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol committing countries around the world to phasing out the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs);
  5. Give the EPA full authority to regulate substances (like HFCs) that contribute to global warming, as it has authority to regulate ozone-depleting substances;
  6. Establish a permanent moratorium on all future offshore drilling and Arctic drilling, including in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge;
  7. Stop subsidizing destructive industrial farming practices, and dramatically increase support for carbon-sequestering regenerative agriculture;
  8. Restore the National Monuments and other public lands opened to extractive industries by the current administration;
  9. Renew our commitment to fighting deforestation, habitat destruction, and illegal poaching of endangered species around the world.”

Sestak has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

In his announcement video, Sestak says,

“There is nothing that we can do just by ourselves – absolutely nothing – to protect America from the most destructive threat to mankind. In just a decade, it will begin its slow implosion of our world into crisis. That is when the worst seeds of the irreversible consequences from climate change will have begun to be sown. Unless uprooted, they will eventually grow into wars because of desperate drought and famine. Violence seizing and hoarding of diminished global resources, economic shocks to the poor and rich alike. The bankruptcy of the idea that governments could actually provide for their people’s general welfare, as the relentless rise of global heat and oceans takes an uncontrollable toll on their citizens.”


Sestak voted for the Waxman Markey American Clean Energy and Security Act in 2009. He also pushed Speaker Pelosi to increase the renewable electricity standard in the bill to 20% by 2020.

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Tom Steyer

Climate Plans:

On July 25, Steyer released his “Justice-Centered Climate Plan”, in which he pledges, “On day one of my presidency, I will declare the climate crisis a national emergency. I will direct each agency in the administration to take action to curtail the climate crisis.”

“In addition to taking bold executive actions, I will challenge Congress to pass vital legislation to enact a Green New Deal and provide additional funding to protect the country against climate and weather-related natural disasters. If Congress refuses to act expeditiously, I will not hesitate to use the emergency powers of the presidency to protect the American public from the climate crisis, just as I would use those powers to protect our country from a hostile military invasion.” 

The plan has five organizing pillars, each with a set of targets:

  • Justice-based pollution reduction targets and actions
    1. Eliminate fossil fuel pollution from all sectors to achieve a 100% clean energy economy and net-zero global warming pollution by no later than 2045; 
    2. Eliminate asthma-causing and toxic air pollution from diesel engines, power plants, and other major sources no later than 2030;
    3. Triple federal funding for climate science; research, development, and deployment of advanced clean technology for manufacturing, aviation, agriculture, biofuels, and soil health; and advanced research and warning systems for extreme weather;
    4. Ensure all Americans can access safe, convenient, and zero-emission transportation by accelerating the transition toward zero-tailpipe-emission cars, trucks, and buses; increasing the availability of electric vehicle charging infrastructure; and making forms of active transportation, such as walking, safer; 
    5. Ensure affordability of energy, transportation, food, and clean water by rapidly scaling up energy efficiency standards, deploying smart financing for community adoption of clean technology, and providing bill and income assistance for lower-income individuals and families.
  • Building a people-powered economy
    1. Call on Congress to fully fund the creation of a Civilian Climate Corps, which will create 1 million jobs for young Americans, underemployed people, and displaced workers, and will help diversify state and local economies currently dependent on fossil fuel revenues;
    2. Issue $250 billion over the course of ten years in new National Healthy Communities Climate Bonds;
    3. Appoint a cabinet-level officer to lead and coordinate federal, state, and local efforts to meet our climate targets and establish a high-level task force of mayors, governors, tribal leaders, and community representatives.
  • Transform the Extraction Economy into a Regenerative Economy
    1. End all forms of government giveaways to big polluters, including unlimited and unpriced global warming pollution, direct subsidies, tax breaks, lax and under-enforced environmental and worker protections, and the sale of public resources at giveaway prices;
    2. Keep publicly-owned oil, coal, and gas in the ground by stopping the expansion of fossil fuel leases and establishing a careful process to wind down federal onshore and offshore fossil fuel production;
    3. Invest $50 billion to ensure former fossil fuel workers and their communities have the healthcare, wages, and benefits necessary to thrive in a cleaner, more inclusive economy;
  • Invest in America
    1. Dedicate $2 trillion in federal funding over ten years, mobilizing trillions more in private capital, to long-overdue investments in clean transportation, water, operational systems, the energy grid, farms and rural development, building retrofits, maintenance, affordable housing, universal broadband, and more;
    2. End the build-out of new fossil fuel infrastructure, only approve new federal infrastructure permits and investment for projects that do not hinder our progress towards achieving net-zero global warming pollution by 2045, require projects that include federal investments to adopt fair labor standards, institute a federal “Buy Clean” standard, and incentivize innovation in clean manufacturing and energy;
    3. Require lenders, pension funds, institutional investors, and publicly traded companies to disclose both their risky fossil fuel holdings and the risks climate change and extreme weather pose to their businesses, and to internalize the costs of climate harms associated with their investments;
    4. Prioritize our local economies and American businesses by supporting the creation of Community Green Banks, establishing Green New Deal Investment Zones, and developing banking, investment, and insurance requirements that will shift funding from fossil fuels toward what actually matters — clean air, healthy families, and rapid commutes;
    5. Implement federal and state incentives to establish the U.S. as the top exporter of clean energy technology globally — clean energy built in America serving the world.
  • Building a climate-secure America
    1. Improve our systems for disaster prevention, resiliency, response, and recovery through community-led planning processes; mutual aid commitments among communities; investments in climate-smart mobile and distributed power, food, water, and transportation infrastructure; and by establishing and training a full-time Civilian Climate Corps;
    2. Join the international Powering Past Coal Alliance, work to end global finance for coal-fired power plants, and strengthen and improve accountability procedures for enforcing human rights and environmental requirements for projects that receive funding through the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and other international finance mechanisms;
    3. Support other nations to achieve prosperity without fossil fuels by meeting and increasing our investment in international clean energy and sustainable development systems, eliminating our demand for fossil fuels, leading a worldwide transition to clean energy, and using the global purchasing power of the United States and international trade agreements to send a clear signal that the fossil fuel era is coming to an end and the clean energy age has begun.

Steyer is one of five candidates who have taken the No KXL pledge to 

  1. “take executive action on Day One to… revoke the existing presidential permits issued unilaterally by President Trump for the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, sending both projects back to relevant federal agencies to undergo legitimate environmental review and Tribal consultations”;
  2. “direct all federal agencies (State Dept., FERC, Army Corps) to submit these two projects, as well as all new pipeline and energy infrastructure projects to a true climate test, and reject permits for any project that would exacerbate our climate crisis”;
  3. “protect the property rights of farmers and ranchers from eminent domain abuse, and to honor the treaties the U.S. Government has signed with sovereign Tribal Nations”.

Campaign Website:

Steyer’s campaign website describes his vision for establishing five basic rights at the core of the Democratic party platform. One of these rights, the right to clean air and clean water, references climate change, saying,

“Pollution is everywhere, choking the air we breathe and contaminating the water we drink. It is literally killing people — cutting years off many Americans’ lives, threatening everyone’s health and safety, and pushing our planet towards a climate catastrophe. And none of this is happening by accident…. We must demand environmental justice — because no one has the right to poison us to make more money.”

Public statements:

In a March 28 interview with Hill.TV, Steyer talked about his perspective on the Green New Deal, saying,

“I give [Alexandria Ocasio Cortez and Ed Markey] enormous credit for what they did. They took a gigantic issue in front of the American people, which is the sustainability of our country and the safety and health of every American, and tried to put on the table something that is commensurate with the problem. Do I agree with every part of it? No, absolutely not. It’s a first draft, a discussion document, that I think is a dramatic reframing of the problem…. From my standpoint, I view the Green New Deal as a way that has been extremely successful of drawing attention to a gigantic problem and reframing it…. what I see is people trying to move the ball forward in an important way representing the overwhelming bulk of Americans…”


In 2013 Steyer founded NextGen America, a nonprofit group organizing students and young activists on college campuses across the country to vote for politicians who support climate action.

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Sen. Elizabeth Warren:

Climate Plans:

On April 15, Warren outlined her plan for public lands, saying,

“Any serious effort to address climate change must include public lands — fossil fuel extraction in these areas is responsible for nearly a quarter of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The Trump administration, with its casual denial of science and apparent amnesia about massive crises like the BP oil spill, has also proposed opening nearly the entire U.S. coastline to seismic testing and offshore drilling. It is wrong to prioritize corporate profits over the health and safety of our local communities.That’s why on my first day as president, 

  1. I will sign an executive order that says no more drilling — a total moratorium on all new fossil fuel leases, including for drilling offshore and on public lands; 
  2. I’d also reinstate the methane pollution rule to limit existing oil and gas projects from releasing harmful gases that poison our air; and 
  3. reinstitute the clean water rule to protect our lakes, rivers, and streams, and the drinking water they provide.

And it’s not enough to end our public lands’ contribution to climate change. We have an enormous opportunity to make them a part of the climate solution, and for both economic and environmental reasons, we should take it…. As President, I will set a goal of providing 10% of our overall electricity generation from renewable sources offshore or on public lands. That’s nearly ten times what we are currently generating. We can achieve this goal while prioritizing sites with low impact on local ecology but high potential for renewable energy generation.

My administration will make it a priority to expedite leases and incentivize development in existing designated areas, and share royalties from renewable generation with states and local communities to help promote economic development and reduce local dependence on fossil fuel revenues.” 

Sharon Buccino, a senior adviser to the NRDC Action Fund, was quoted in a New York Times story on the policy, calling Ms. Warren’s plan a “responsible and visionary” way “to manage and protect our priceless lands and waters from exploitation and destruction.”

On May 15, Warren introduced her Defense Climate Resiliency and Readiness Act, a plan to have the military lead the fight against climate change. It has five main planks:

  1. Have the Pentagon achieve net zero carbon emissions for all its non-combat bases and infrastructure by 2030, consistent with the Green New Deal;
  2. Create a dedicated source of funding to adapt our bases in the United States and around the world by having defense contractors that have not achieved net zero carbon emissions to pay a small fee — one percent of the total value of their contracts;
  3. Appoint a senior official within the Defense Department and each of the military services focused on climate change;
  4. Invest billions of dollars into a new, ten-year research and development program at the Defense Department focused on microgrids and advanced energy storage;
  5. Have the Pentagon to produce an annual report evaluating the climate vulnerability of every U.S. military base at home and abroad.

On June 4, Warren outlined her Green Manufacturing Plan, in which she pledges to, “Invest $2 trillion over the next ten years in green research, manufacturing, and exporting — linking American innovation directly to American jobs, and helping achieve the ambitious targets of the Green New Deal.” The plan has three components:

  1. A Green Apollo Program that will provide “$400 billion in funding over the next ten years for clean energy research and development — more than ten times what we invested in the last ten years”;
  2. A Green Industrial Mobilization that will use “a $1.5 trillion federal procurement commitment over the next ten years to purchase American-made clean, renewable, and emission-free energy products for federal, state, and local use, and for export”;
  3. A Green Marshall Plan that will create  ”a new federal office dedicated to selling American-made clean, renewable, and emission-free energy technology abroad and a $100 billion commitment to assisting countries to purchase and deploy this technology.”

On July 10, Warren outlined her Climate Risk Disclosure plan. The goal of this plan is to reset the financial valuation of fossil fuel companies. As the plan states,

“if the world makes the changes necessary to meet the emissions goals of the Paris climate accord, at least 82% of global coal reserves, 49% of global gas reserves, and 33% of global oil reserves will have to go unused the next 30 years. The market is not appropriately pricing in this risk, and it’s creating what former Vice President Gore has called a ‘carbon bubble’ — an inflation of the value of fossil fuel companies that could burst and threaten the financial system…. My plan will push more investors to move their money out of the fossil fuel industry, accelerating the transition to clean energy. It will also demonstrate to investors that — if nothing else — climate change represents a serious risk to their money and they need to demand global action to address it. And it will make clear that climate change represents not just an existential environmental threat to the planet, but a serious threat to our financial system — one that we need to head off now before it costs people their homes, jobs, and savings like the 2008 crisis.”

The plan accomplishes this by requiring “the Securities and Exchange Commission to issue rules that make every public company disclose detailed information, including the likely effect on the company if climate change continues at its current pace and the likely effect on the company if the world successfully restricts greenhouse gas emissions to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement.” 

On July 29, Warren released her plan on how to address climate change via America’s trade policies. Prior to entering into any trade agreements with America, countries will need to, among other things: 

  1. Be a party to the Paris Climate agreement and have a national plan that has been independently verified to put the country on track to reduce its emissions consistent with the long-term emissions goals in that agreement.
  2. Eliminate all domestic fossil fuel subsidies.

In addition, Warren promises to “push to secure a multilateral agreement to protect domestic green policies like subsidies for green products and preferential treatment for environmentally sustainable energy production from WTO challenges. 

And because big corporations will move their production to the countries with the weakest greenhouse gas emissions standards — undermining global efforts to address climate change and penalizing countries that are doing their part — I will impose a border carbon adjustment so imported goods that these firms make using carbon-intensive processes are charged a fee to equalize the costs borne by companies playing by the rules.”

On August 7, Warren released her plan for A New Farm Economy which describes her commitment to “lead a full-out effort to decarbonize the agricultural sector by investing in our farmers and giving them the tools, research, and training they need to transform the sector — so that we can achieve the objectives of the Green New Deal to reach net-zero emissions by 2030.”

The plan includes:

  1. Increasing the Conservation Stewardship Program’s payments for sustainable farming practices from “around $1 billion today to $15 billion annually — and expanding the types of practices eligible for compensation — so that every farmer who wants to use their land to fight climate change can do so.”
  2. Creating a farmer-led Innovation Fund that will fund “pioneering new methods of sustainable farming, like agroforestry.”
  3. Reinvesting in land grant universities and encouraging them to “focus their agricultural efforts in part on evaluating farmers’ ideas to decarbonize the agricultural sector and training a new generation of farmers.”

Warren is one of five candidates who have taken the No KXL pledge to 

  1. “take executive action on Day One to… revoke the existing presidential permits issued unilaterally by President Trump for the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, sending both projects back to relevant federal agencies to undergo legitimate environmental review and Tribal consultations”;
  2. “direct all federal agencies (State Dept., FERC, Army Corps) to submit these two projects, as well as all new pipeline and energy infrastructure projects to a true climate test, and reject permits for any project that would exacerbate our climate crisis”;
  3. “protect the property rights of farmers and ranchers from eminent domain abuse, and to honor the treaties the U.S. Government has signed with sovereign Tribal Nations.”

She is also one of three candidates to oppose the construction of the Enbridge Line 3 pipeline in Minnesota.

Campaign Website:

Warren’s campaign website includes links and descriptions of her climate plans.

Warren has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

When Warren announced her candidacy for president on February 11, she said, “When it comes to climate change, our very existence is at stake. But Washington refuses to lift a finger without permission from the fossil fuel companies. That’s dangerous and it’s wrong!… Stop stalling on spending money, real money, on infrastructure, on clean energy and a Green New Deal!”

On June 6, Warren talked about her green manufacturing plan at a town hall in Fort Wayne, Indiana. She told the audience, “right now we’ve got a climate crisis in this country and in this world. It threatens us all. Worldwide there’s about a $23 trillion market for fighting back against climate change, and that’s going to mean a lot of research, a lot of innovation, and a lot of manufacturing to push back against that. My plan is to make America the leader in that fight [in three ways]. 

  1. [First,] we double down, triple down, go 10-fold on research from where it’s been before and we say to anyone that wants to use that research ‘Good for you! You can do it! But you have to produce the products right here in the United States of America. You have to build those jobs here. If American tax payers are the ones who are going to foot the bill for the research, then by golly it’s going to produce good American jobs right here.’ That’s one part;
  2. One more part is a commitment to spend about $1.5 trillion to make our government go green. It’s buy the products, and here again it’s going to be all buy american. We’re going to bring in new cars, we’re going to change what happens with our buildings, and look what that does. It not only helps on the climate front, but it creates demand, demand to keep those factories open, demand to expand those factories and those jobs;
  3. And there’s one more part to it. And that is – look, even if we manage to go entirely carbon neutral by 2030, we’re only about 20% of the world on this. There’s another 80%, and that’s where the worldwide demand for change is. So huge market, $23 trillion market. Right now the chinese spend a hundred times what we spend in the United States marketing their manufactured products around the world. I say we’re going to spend money in the United States to market American products around the world. That’s how we’re going to …. make about 1.2 million new jobs. Jobs in manufacturing that are going to be good union jobs. The kind of jobs on which people can build a future.”

At the first Democratic presidential debate on June 26, Warren was one of four candidates on stage to name climate change as the top geopolitical threat facing the United States.


Warren co-sponsored Jeff Merkley’s Keep It In the Ground Act in 2015 and 2017.

In September 2018 Warren introduced a bill that would require public companies to disclose the risks climate change poses to their operations. Prior to that, she had been criticized for her lack of leadership on the issue.

Warren co-sponsored Senator Markey’s Green New Deal resolution, saying, “If we want to live in a world with clean air and water, we have to take real action to combat climate change now. I’m proud to join Senator Markey and Rep. Ocasio-Cortez on a Green New Deal resolution to fight for our planet and our kids’ futures.”

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Andrew Yang

Climate Plans:

Yang has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Yang’s campaign website says that “Climate change is an existential threat to humanity and our way of life. It should be a top priority of the federal government to implement policies to control anthropogenic climate change while working with other governments to implement these policies throughout the world…. As President, I will:

  1. Invest heavily in carbon capture and geoengineering technologies designed to reverse the damage already done to the environment through a new Global Geoengineering Institute and invite international participation;
  2. Invest in any idea that has the potential to reverse the damage done to the environment, for example cloud-seeding technology to increase the atmosphere’s reflectivity;
  3. End the current tax benefits and cuts given to fossil fuel companies which give them an unwarranted competitive advantage over alternative energy sources;
  4. Institute a tax on emissions that will fund health care initiatives and research for respiratory diseases that are a direct result of these emissions;
  5. Empower and appoint an action-oriented leader of the EPA and direct the EPA to regulate carbon emissions;
  6. Direct the EPA to survey the states and private organizations to collate all programs designed to promote renewable energy adoption;
  7. Direct the EPA to coordinate with state and local governments to measure the impact of different policies on effecting positive impacts in the area of renewables adoption;
  8. Prioritize sustainable infrastructure and urban development to take advantage of new materials and designs.”

His website also describes his plans to institute a $40/ton carbon fee and dividend that will fund his universal basic income proposal, a host of ideas to modernize the electrical grid, and a plan to increase construction of new nuclear power plants.

Yang has signed the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge to “not knowingly accept any contributions over $200 from the PACs, lobbyists, or SEC-named executives of fossil fuel companies — companies whose primary business is the extraction, processing, distribution, or sale of oil, gas, or coal.”

Public statements:

On April 29, a group of students dressed as penguins asked Yang if he would put addressing climate change at the center of his campaign. He responded,

“100% yes. Climate change is an existential threat to our way of life… [but] in a society where 78% of people are having trouble paying their bills it’s difficult to galvanize energy around climate change, [and] I still stand by that. If you go to someone and say we need to address climate change and they can’t pay their bills then they might look up at you and say the penguins can wait in line, I can’t pay my bills. So what we have to do is get the economic boot off people’s throats and then they’re going to hopefully realize that we need to address climate change.”

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Announced Republican Candidates

President Donald J. Trump

Climate Plans:

Trump has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Trump’s campaign website touts the fact that he and his administration:

  1. “Kept [our] campaign promise to get America out of the Paris Climate Agreement”;
  2. “directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to rescind the Obama Administration’s Clean Power Plan (CPP)”;
  3. “reconsidered Obama-era rule on methane emissions that would cost American energy developers an estimated $530 million annually”;
  4. “signed an Executive Order to expand offshore oil and gas drilling and open more leases to develop offshore drilling”;
  5. “approved the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, supporting an estimated total of 42,000 indirect jobs and $2 billion in wages”;
  6. “Signed legislation to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to domestic energy production.”

Public statements:

Trump has repeatedly dismissed the scientific consensus about climate change, claiming he has a “natural instinct for science.”

He told reporters on November 27, 2018 that he doesn’t believe the findings from the U.S. 4th National Climate Assessment, produced by his own administration, which reinforced the scientific consensus that climate change is largely caused by human activity and warned of the dire consequences of continuing to emit greenhouse gasses at current levels.

He told the Washington Post later that day that “a lot of people like myself — we have very high levels of intelligence, but we’re not necessarily such believers [in climate change]. You look at our air and our water, and it’s right now at a record clean.”


NRDC’s Bob Deans has written at length about the environmental damage Trump and his administration have produced. 

NRDC (Trump Watch) and National Geographic have kept detailed timelines of all his administration’s changes to environmental policy, including air and water pollution, deregulation, and rollback of Obama era climate rules.

Trump has questioned the science behind climate change for years on his personal Twitter account:

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Gov. William Weld

Climate Plans:

Weld has not released any climate plans to date.

Campaign Website:

Weld’s campaign website does not include any references to climate change.

Public statements:

At a speech on February 15 announcing his exploratory committee for president at St. Anselm College in New Hampshire, Weld said,

“With respect to the environment and climate change, the approach of the current administration is antithetical to every principle of conservation and conservatism, and every tenet of Theodore Roosevelt’s Grand Old Party. Whether it’s as protection of a fragile ecosystem or as stewardship of God’s creation, take your choice, there’s a pressing need to act on climate change. The United States must rejoin the Paris climate accords and adopt targets consistent with those of other industrialized nations. We must protect our economy, yes, but we must also recognize that increased natural disasters and unfamiliar weather patterns actually threaten to strip the snow from our white mountains and to melt all the mountain glaciers worldwide upon which hundreds of millions of people depend for their only water supply. Europe has its cathedrals and monuments. We have our mountains, canyons, valleys, rivers and streams, and we had damn well better take care of them. Our borders are safe here in New Hampshire, but it’s not a stretch to say if climate change isn’t addressed our coastlines and those of all other countries will be obliterated by storm surge and the melting of the polar ice cap. Yet climate skeptics claim that they are conservative!”

In his announcement on April 15 that he will be mounting a primary challenge to Donald Trump, Weld cited climate change among his many reasons for entering the race: “The president is just not dealing with serious issues such as global warming and climate change. That’s a real threat to us as a country. And for the president to just say it’s a hoax, that’s not responsible government.”

On April 16 during a visit to New Hampshire, Weld again emphasized that he would take a different approach to climate change: “I wouldn’t turn my back on climate change and global warming the way Mr. Trump has.… The Republican Party should not put its head in the sand on climate change.”


Colleagues who worked with Weld to pass environmental legislation during his time as Governor of Massachusetts describe him as “a great environmentalist” anda Teddy Roosevelt, old New England Republican type of politician, with a view that conservation is an inherent value for the state and certainly for the country.”

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